Selected indicators for United Kingdom

Population

Population, Million persons, 2000-2020
Population, Annual growth rate (%), 2020

67.1 million

Growth rate: 0.4%

Income inequality

Income inequality, 0 = complete equality; 1 = complete inequality, latest available year

Education

Mathematics performance (PISA), Mean score, 2018
Reading performance (PISA), Mean score, 2018
Science performance (PISA), Mean score, 2018

CO2 emissions

Air and GHG emissions, Carbon dioxide (CO2), latest available year

4.6 tonnes per capita

GDP

Gross domestic product (GDP), US dollars/capita, 2020
Real GDP forecast, Annual growth rate (%), 2023

45 944 US$ per capita

Projected growth rate: 2.1%

Debt

Household debt, % of net disposable income, 2020
General government debt, % of GDP, 2020

Household debt:
145.0 % of disposable income

Government debt:
154.3 % of GDP

Tax

Tax on personal income, % of GDP, 2020

Tax on personal income:
9.5 % of GDP

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Country profile of United Kingdom

AgricultureLatestTrendRanking
Agricultural landIndicator 11 400.00 Permanent pasture
Thousand hectares
2019
United Kingdom
Thousand hectares
Permanent pasture
Thousand hectares
2000-2019
United Kingdom (red)
Permanent pasture
Thousand hectares
2018
United Kingdom (red)
Agricultural supportIndicator 20.4 Producer support (PSE)
% of gross farm receipts
2020
United Kingdom
% of gross farm receipts
Producer support (PSE)
% of gross farm receipts
2017-2020
United Kingdom (red), OECD - Total (black)
Crop productionIndicator 8.51 Wheat
Tonnes/hectare
2030
United Kingdom
Tonnes/hectare
Wheat
Tonnes/hectare
2011-2030
United Kingdom (red), OECD - Total (black)
Fish landingsIndicator 426 712.5 National landings in domestic ports
Tonnes
2018
United Kingdom
Tonnes
National landings in domestic ports
Tonnes
1999-2018
United Kingdom (red), OECD - Total (black)
National landings in domestic ports
Tonnes
2018
United Kingdom (red)
Nutrient balanceIndicator 86.0 Nitrogen
Kilograms/hectare
2017
United Kingdom
Kilograms/hectare
Nitrogen
Kilograms/hectare
1997-2017
United Kingdom (red)
Nitrogen
Kilograms/hectare
2017
United Kingdom (red)

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DevelopmentLatestTrendRanking
Distribution of net ODAIndicator 3 476.3 Least developed countries
Million US dollars
2019
United Kingdom
Million US dollars
Least developed countries
Million US dollars
2000-2019
United Kingdom (red), DAC Countries (black)
Least developed countries
Million US dollars
2019
United Kingdom (red), DAC Countries (black)
Grants by private agencies and NGOsIndicator 923.4 Total
Million US dollars
2013
United Kingdom
Million US dollars
Total
Million US dollars
1994-2013
United Kingdom (red), DAC Countries (black)
Net ODAIndicator 0.7 ODA grant equivalent
% of gross national income
2020
United Kingdom
% of gross national income
ODA grant equivalent
% of gross national income
2018-2020
United Kingdom (red), DAC Countries (black)
ODA grant equivalent
% of gross national income
2020
United Kingdom (red), DAC Countries (black)
Private flowsIndicator 10 823.9 Total
Million US dollars
2014
United Kingdom
Million US dollars
Total
Million US dollars
1995-2014
United Kingdom (red), DAC Countries (black)
Total
Million US dollars
2019
DAC Countries (black)
Total official and private flowsIndicator 18 953.8 Total
Million US dollars
2019
United Kingdom
Million US dollars
Total
Million US dollars
2000-2019
United Kingdom (red), DAC Countries (black)
Total
Million US dollars
2019
United Kingdom (red), DAC Countries (black)

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EconomyLatestTrendRanking
Composite leading indicator (CLI)Indicator 100.83 Amplitude adjusted
Long-term average = 100
Oct-2021
United Kingdom
Long-term average = 100
Household disposable incomeIndicator
Labour compensation per hour workedIndicator 12.8 Total
Annual growth rate (%)
2020
United Kingdom
Annual growth rate (%)
Total
Annual growth rate (%)
2001-2020
United Kingdom (red)
Total
Annual growth rate (%)
2020
United Kingdom (red)
Net national incomeIndicator 37 889 Total
US dollars/capita
2020
United Kingdom
US dollars/capita
Total
US dollars/capita
2001-2020
United Kingdom (red), OECD - Total (black)
Total
US dollars/capita
2020
United Kingdom (red)
Trade in goods and servicesIndicator 27.9 Exports
% of GDP
2020
United Kingdom
% of GDP
Exports
% of GDP
2001-2020
United Kingdom (red)
Exports
% of GDP
2020
United Kingdom (red)

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EducationLatestTrendRanking
Education spendingIndicator 29 911 Tertiary
US dollars/student
2018
United Kingdom
US dollars/student
Tertiary
US dollars/student
2012-2018
United Kingdom (red)
Tertiary
US dollars/student
2018
United Kingdom (red)
Mathematics performance (PISA)Indicator 508 Boys
Mean score
2018
United Kingdom
Mean score
Boys
Mean score
2006-2018
United Kingdom (red), OECD - Average (black)
Boys
Mean score
2018
United Kingdom (red), OECD - Average (black)
Reading performance (PISA)Indicator 494 Boys
Mean score
2018
United Kingdom
Mean score
Boys
Mean score
2006-2018
United Kingdom (red), OECD - Average (black)
Boys
Mean score
2018
United Kingdom (red), OECD - Average (black)
Science performance (PISA)Indicator 506 Boys
Mean score
2018
United Kingdom
Mean score
Boys
Mean score
2006-2018
United Kingdom (red), OECD - Average (black)
Boys
Mean score
2018
United Kingdom (red), OECD - Average (black)
Youth not in employment, education or training (NEET)Indicator 9.9 15-19 year-old men
% in same age group
2020
United Kingdom
% in same age group
15-19 year-old men
% in same age group
2001-2020
United Kingdom (red), OECD - Average (black)
15-19 year-old men
% in same age group
2020
United Kingdom (red), OECD - Average (black)

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EnergyLatestTrendRanking
Crude oil productionIndicator 44 566.4 Total
Thousand toe
2017
United Kingdom
Thousand toe
Total
Thousand toe
1998-2017
United Kingdom (red)
Total
Thousand toe
2017
United Kingdom (red)
Infrastructure investmentIndicator 9 642 561 267.53 Road
Euro
2019
United Kingdom
Euro
Road
Euro
2000-2019
United Kingdom (red)
Road
Euro
2019
United Kingdom (red)
Passenger transportIndicator 770 193.6 Road
Million passenger-kilometres
2019
United Kingdom
Million passenger-kilometres
Road
Million passenger-kilometres
2000-2019
United Kingdom (red)
Road
Million passenger-kilometres
2016
United Kingdom (red)
Primary energy supplyIndicator 0.06 Total
Toe/1 000 US dollars
2020
United Kingdom
Toe/1 000 US dollars
Total
Toe/1 000 US dollars
2001-2020
United Kingdom (red)
Total
Toe/1 000 US dollars
2020
United Kingdom (red)
Road accidentsIndicator 23 Deaths
Per 1 000 000 inhabitants
2020
United Kingdom
Per 1 000 000 inhabitants
Deaths
Per 1 000 000 inhabitants
2001-2020
United Kingdom (red)
Deaths
Per 1 000 000 inhabitants
2020
United Kingdom (red)

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EnvironmentLatestTrendRanking
Air and GHG emissionsIndicator 4.6 Carbon dioxide (CO2)
Tonnes/capita
2020
United Kingdom
Tonnes/capita
Carbon dioxide (CO2)
Tonnes/capita
2001-2020
United Kingdom (red)
Carbon dioxide (CO2)
Tonnes/capita
2020
United Kingdom (red)
Municipal wasteIndicator 454.7 Total
Kilograms/capita
2019
United Kingdom
Kilograms/capita
Total
Kilograms/capita
2000-2019
United Kingdom (red), OECD - Total (black)
Total
Kilograms/capita
2019
United Kingdom (red), OECD - Total (black)
Water withdrawalsIndicator 7 284.5 Total
Million m3
2014
United Kingdom
Million m3
Total
Million m3
1994-2014
United Kingdom (red)
Total
Million m3
2016

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FinanceLatestTrendRanking
Broad money (M3)Indicator 146.03 Total
2015=100
Oct-2021
United Kingdom
2015=100
Total
2015=100
Mar-2020-Oct-2021
United Kingdom (red), OECD - Total (black)
Total
2015=100
Dec-2018
United Kingdom (red), OECD - Total (black)
Long-term interest ratesIndicator 1.1 Total
% per annum
Oct-2021
United Kingdom
% per annum
Total
% per annum
Mar-2020-Oct-2021
United Kingdom (red)
Total
% per annum
Oct-2021
United Kingdom (red)
Net pension replacement ratesIndicator 28.4 Men
% of pre-retirement earnings
2018
United Kingdom
% of pre-retirement earnings
Men
% of pre-retirement earnings
2014-2018
United Kingdom (red), OECD - Total (black)
Men
% of pre-retirement earnings
2018
United Kingdom (red)
Net pension wealthIndicator 5.4 Men
Multiple of annual gross earnings
2018
United Kingdom
Multiple of annual gross earnings
Men
Multiple of annual gross earnings
2014-2018
United Kingdom (red), OECD - Total (black)
Men
Multiple of annual gross earnings
2018
United Kingdom (red)
Short-term interest ratesIndicator 0.1 Total
% per annum
Nov-2021
United Kingdom
% per annum
Total
% per annum
Apr-2020-Nov-2021
United Kingdom (red), Euro area (19 countries) (black)
Total
% per annum
Nov-2021
United Kingdom (red), Euro area (19 countries) (black)

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GovernmentLatestTrendRanking
General government spendingIndicator 40.3 Total
% of GDP
2019
United Kingdom
% of GDP
Total
% of GDP
2000-2019
United Kingdom (red)
Total
% of GDP
2019
United Kingdom (red)
Government reservesIndicator 66 401.8 Total
SDR millions
Q4-2014
United Kingdom
SDR millions
Total
SDR millions
Q1-2010-Q4-2014
United Kingdom (red)
Total
SDR millions
Q4-2014
United Kingdom (red)
Tax on corporate profitsIndicator 2.3 Total
% of GDP
2020
United Kingdom
% of GDP
Total
% of GDP
2001-2020
United Kingdom (red), OECD - Average (black)
Total
% of GDP
2020
United Kingdom (red)
Tax revenueIndicator 32.8 Total
% of GDP
2020
United Kingdom
% of GDP
Total
% of GDP
2001-2020
United Kingdom (red), OECD - Average (black)
Total
% of GDP
2020
United Kingdom (red), OECD - Average (black)
Tax wedgeIndicator 30.8 Total
% of labour cost
2020
United Kingdom
% of labour cost
Total
% of labour cost
2001-2020
United Kingdom (red), OECD - Average (black)
Total
% of labour cost
2020
United Kingdom (red), OECD - Average (black)

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HealthLatestTrendRanking
Health spendingIndicator 5 268 Total
US dollars/capita
2020
United Kingdom
US dollars/capita
Total
US dollars/capita
2001-2020
United Kingdom (red)
Total
US dollars/capita
2019
United Kingdom (red)
Hospital bedsIndicator 2.4 Total
Per 1 000 inhabitants
2020
United Kingdom
Per 1 000 inhabitants
Total
Per 1 000 inhabitants
2001-2020
United Kingdom (red), OECD - Total (black)
Total
Per 1 000 inhabitants
2019
United Kingdom (red)
Length of hospital stayIndicator 6.20 Acute care
Days
2019
United Kingdom
Days
Acute care
Days
2001-2019
United Kingdom (red)
Acute care
Days
2019
United Kingdom (red)
Life expectancy at birthIndicator 78.4 Men
Years
2020
United Kingdom
Years
Men
Years
2001-2020
United Kingdom (red)
Men
Years
2020
United Kingdom (red)
Overweight or obese populationIndicator 64.2 Measured
% of population aged 15+
2019
United Kingdom
% of population aged 15+
Measured
% of population aged 15+
2000-2019
United Kingdom (red)

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Innovation and TechnologyLatestTrendRanking
Gross domestic spending on R&DIndicator 1.8 Total
% of GDP
2019
United Kingdom
% of GDP
Total
% of GDP
2000-2019
United Kingdom (red), OECD - Total (black)
Total
% of GDP
2019
United Kingdom (red), OECD - Total (black)
ICT value addedIndicator 7.4 Total
% of value added
2011
United Kingdom
% of value added
Total
% of value added
2011
United Kingdom (red), OECD - Total (black)
Internet accessIndicator 97.3 Total
% of all households
2020
United Kingdom
% of all households
Total
% of all households
2005-2020
United Kingdom (red), OECD - Total (black)
Total
% of all households
2020
United Kingdom (red)
Mobile broadband subscriptionsIndicator 108.8 Total
Per 100 inhabitants
Q4-2020
United Kingdom
Per 100 inhabitants
Total
Per 100 inhabitants
Q2-2011-Q4-2020
United Kingdom (red), OECD - Total (black)
Total
Per 100 inhabitants
Q4-2020
United Kingdom (red), OECD - Total (black)
Triadic patent familiesIndicator 1 690.1 Total
Number
2019
United Kingdom
Number
Total
Number
2000-2019
United Kingdom (red), OECD - Total (black)
Total
Number
2019
United Kingdom (red), OECD - Total (black)

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JobsLatestTrendRanking
Average wagesIndicator 47 147.2 Total
US dollars
2020
United Kingdom
US dollars
Total
US dollars
2001-2020
United Kingdom (red), OECD - Total (black)
Total
US dollars
2020
United Kingdom (red), OECD - Total (black)
Employment rateIndicator 75.1 Total
% of working age population
Q2-2021
United Kingdom
% of working age population
Total
% of working age population
Q3-2016-Q2-2021
United Kingdom (red), OECD - Total (black)
Total
% of working age population
Q2-2021
United Kingdom (red), OECD - Total (black)
Hours workedIndicator 1 367 Total
Hours/worker
2020
United Kingdom
Hours/worker
Total
Hours/worker
2001-2020
United Kingdom (red), OECD - Total (black)
Total
Hours/worker
2020
United Kingdom (red), OECD - Total (black)
Long-term unemployment rateIndicator 20.1 Total
% of unemployed
2020
United Kingdom
% of unemployed
Total
% of unemployed
2001-2020
United Kingdom (red), OECD - Total (black)
Total
% of unemployed
2020
United Kingdom (red), OECD - Total (black)
Self-employment rateIndicator

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SocietyLatestTrendRanking
Fertility ratesIndicator 1.63 Total
Children/woman
2019
United Kingdom
Children/woman
Total
Children/woman
2000-2019
United Kingdom (red)
Total
Children/woman
2019
United Kingdom (red)
National population distributionIndicator 70.1 Urban regions
Percentage
2014
United Kingdom
Percentage
Urban regions
Percentage
2014
United Kingdom (red)
Permanent immigrant inflowsIndicator 350 085.0 Total
Number
2016
United Kingdom
Number
Total
Number
2003-2016
United Kingdom (red)
Total
Number
2011
United Kingdom (red)
Poverty rateIndicator 0.12 Total
Ratio
2019
United Kingdom
Ratio
Total
Ratio
2002-2019
United Kingdom (red)
Total
Ratio
2018
United Kingdom (red)
Social spendingIndicator 20.6 Public
% of GDP
2019
United Kingdom
% of GDP
Public
% of GDP
2000-2019
United Kingdom (red), OECD - Total (black)
Public
% of GDP
2019
United Kingdom (red), OECD - Total (black)

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