Selected indicators for Belgium

Population

Population, Million persons, 2002-2022

11.6 million

Growth rate: <%population-growth-rate%>%

Income inequality

Income inequality, 0 = complete equality; 1 = complete inequality, latest available year

Education

Mathematics performance (PISA), Mean score, 2018
Reading performance (PISA), Mean score, 2018
Science performance (PISA), Mean score, 2018

CO2 emissions

Air and GHG emissions, Carbon dioxide (CO2), latest available year

6.8 tonnes per capita

GDP

Gross domestic product (GDP), US dollars/capita, 2022
Real GDP forecast, Annual growth rate (%), 2025

68 286 US$ per capita

Projected growth rate: 1.5%

Debt

Household debt, % of net disposable income, 2022
General government debt, % of GDP, 2022

Household debt:
116.4 % of disposable income

Government debt:
103.8 % of GDP

Tax

Tax on personal income, % of GDP, 2022

Tax on personal income:
11.9 % of GDP

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Country profile of Belgium

AgricultureLatestTrendRanking
Agricultural landIndicator 476.28 Permanent pasture
Thousand hectares
2021
Belgium
Thousand hectares
Permanent pasture
Thousand hectares
2002-2021
Belgium (red)
Permanent pasture
Thousand hectares
2021
Belgium (red)
Agricultural supportIndicator
Crop productionIndicator
Nutrient balanceIndicator 132.0 Nitrogen
Kilograms/hectare
2015
Belgium
Kilograms/hectare
Nitrogen
Kilograms/hectare
1996-2015
Belgium (red)
Nitrogen
Kilograms/hectare
2019

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DevelopmentLatestTrendRanking
Distribution of net ODAIndicator 432.8 Least developed countries
Million US dollars
2022
Belgium
Million US dollars
Least developed countries
Million US dollars
2003-2022
Belgium (red), DAC Countries (black)
Least developed countries
Million US dollars
2022
Belgium (red), DAC Countries (black)
Grants by private agencies and NGOsIndicator 305.4 Total
Million US dollars
2016
Belgium
Million US dollars
Total
Million US dollars
1996-2016
Belgium (red), DAC Countries (black)
Net ODAIndicator 0.5 ODA grant equivalent
% of gross national income
2022
Belgium
% of gross national income
ODA grant equivalent
% of gross national income
2018-2022
Belgium (red), DAC Countries (black)
ODA grant equivalent
% of gross national income
2022
Belgium (red), DAC Countries (black)
Private flowsIndicator 2 515.4 Total
Million US dollars
2022
Belgium
Million US dollars
Total
Million US dollars
2003-2022
Belgium (red), DAC Countries (black)
Total
Million US dollars
2020
Belgium (red), DAC Countries (black)
Total official and private flowsIndicator 5 313.6 Total
Million US dollars
2022
Belgium
Million US dollars
Total
Million US dollars
2003-2022
Belgium (red), DAC Countries (black)
Total
Million US dollars
2022
Belgium (red), DAC Countries (black)

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EconomyLatestTrendRanking
Composite leading indicator (CLI)Indicator
Household disposable incomeIndicator 1.49 Gross
Per capita, percentage change, previous period
Q2-2023
Belgium
Per capita, percentage change, previous period
Gross
Per capita, percentage change, previous period
Q3-2018-Q2-2023
Belgium (red), OECD - Total (black)
Gross
Per capita, percentage change, previous period
Q1-2022
Belgium (red), OECD - Total (black)
Labour compensation per hour workedIndicator 4.9 Total
Annual growth rate (%)
2022
Belgium
Annual growth rate (%)
Total
Annual growth rate (%)
2003-2022
Belgium (red)
Total
Annual growth rate (%)
2022
Belgium (red)
Net national incomeIndicator 55 947 Total
US dollars/capita
2022
Belgium
US dollars/capita
Total
US dollars/capita
2003-2022
Belgium (red), OECD - Total (black)
Total
US dollars/capita
2022
Belgium (red)
Trade in goods and servicesIndicator 95.7 Exports
% of GDP
2022
Belgium
% of GDP
Exports
% of GDP
2003-2022
Belgium (red)
Exports
% of GDP
2022
Belgium (red)

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EducationLatestTrendRanking
Mathematics performance (PISA)Indicator 514 Boys
Mean score
2018
Belgium
Mean score
Boys
Mean score
2003-2018
Belgium (red), OECD - Average (black)
Boys
Mean score
2018
Belgium (red), OECD - Average (black)
Reading performance (PISA)Indicator 482 Boys
Mean score
2018
Belgium
Mean score
Boys
Mean score
2000-2018
Belgium (red), OECD - Average (black)
Boys
Mean score
2018
Belgium (red), OECD - Average (black)
Science performance (PISA)Indicator 501 Boys
Mean score
2018
Belgium
Mean score
Boys
Mean score
2006-2018
Belgium (red), OECD - Average (black)
Boys
Mean score
2018
Belgium (red), OECD - Average (black)
Youth not in employment, education or training (NEET)Indicator 2.9 15-19 year-old men
% in same age group
2022
Belgium
% in same age group
15-19 year-old men
% in same age group
2003-2022
Belgium (red), OECD - Average (black)
15-19 year-old men
% in same age group
2022
Belgium (red), OECD - Average (black)

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EnergyLatestTrendRanking
Crude oil productionIndicator 0.0 Total
Thousand toe
2021
Belgium
Thousand toe
Total
Thousand toe
2002-2021
Belgium (red)
Total
Thousand toe
2021
Belgium (red)
Infrastructure investmentIndicator 1 311 000 000.00 Road
Euro
2021
Belgium
Euro
Road
Euro
2002-2021
Belgium (red)
Road
Euro
2021
Belgium (red)
Primary energy supplyIndicator 0.09 Total
Toe/1 000 US dollars
2022
Belgium
Toe/1 000 US dollars
Total
Toe/1 000 US dollars
2003-2022
Belgium (red)
Total
Toe/1 000 US dollars
2022
Belgium (red)
Road accidentsIndicator 5 Deaths
Per 1 000 000 inhabitants
2022
Belgium
Per 1 000 000 inhabitants
Deaths
Per 1 000 000 inhabitants
2003-2022
Belgium (red)
Deaths
Per 1 000 000 inhabitants
2022
Belgium (red)

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EnvironmentLatestTrendRanking
Air and GHG emissionsIndicator 6.8 Carbon dioxide (CO2)
Tonnes/capita
2022
Belgium
Tonnes/capita
Carbon dioxide (CO2)
Tonnes/capita
2003-2022
Belgium (red), OECD - Total (black)
Carbon dioxide (CO2)
Tonnes/capita
2022
Belgium (red), OECD - Total (black)
Municipal wasteIndicator 761.3 Total
Kilograms/capita
2021
Belgium
Kilograms/capita
Total
Kilograms/capita
2002-2021
Belgium (red), OECD - Total (black)
Total
Kilograms/capita
2020
Belgium (red), OECD - Total (black)
Water withdrawalsIndicator 4 531.4 Total
Million m3
2019
Belgium
Million m3
Total
Million m3
2000-2019
Belgium (red)
Total
Million m3
2020

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FinanceLatestTrendRanking
Broad money (M3)Indicator
Long-term interest ratesIndicator 3.2 Total
% per annum
Nov-2023
Belgium
% per annum
Total
% per annum
Apr-2022-Nov-2023
Belgium (red)
Total
% per annum
Nov-2023
Belgium (red)
Net pension replacement ratesIndicator 60.9 Men
% of pre-retirement earnings
2022
Belgium
% of pre-retirement earnings
Men
% of pre-retirement earnings
2014-2022
Belgium (red), OECD - Total (black)
Men
% of pre-retirement earnings
2022
Belgium (red)
Net pension wealthIndicator 11.7 Men
Multiple of annual gross earnings
2022
Belgium
Multiple of annual gross earnings
Men
Multiple of annual gross earnings
2014-2022
Belgium (red), OECD - Total (black)
Men
Multiple of annual gross earnings
2022
Belgium (red)
Short-term interest ratesIndicator 4.0 Total
% per annum
Nov-2023
Belgium
% per annum
Total
% per annum
Apr-2022-Nov-2023
Belgium (red), Euro area (19 countries) (black)
Total
% per annum
Nov-2023
Belgium (red), Euro area (19 countries) (black)

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GovernmentLatestTrendRanking
General government spendingIndicator 54.9 Total
% of GDP
2021
Belgium
% of GDP
Total
% of GDP
2002-2021
Belgium (red)
Total
% of GDP
2021
Belgium (red)
Government reservesIndicator 11 731.6 Total
SDR millions
Q4-2014
Belgium
SDR millions
Total
SDR millions
Q1-2010-Q4-2014
Belgium (red)
Total
SDR millions
Q4-2014
Belgium (red)
Tax on corporate profitsIndicator 4.0 Total
% of GDP
2022
Belgium
% of GDP
Total
% of GDP
2003-2022
Belgium (red), OECD - Average (black)
Total
% of GDP
2022
Belgium (red)
Tax revenueIndicator 42.4 Total
% of GDP
2022
Belgium
% of GDP
Total
% of GDP
2003-2022
Belgium (red), OECD - Average (black)
Total
% of GDP
2022
Belgium (red), OECD - Average (black)
Tax wedgeIndicator 53.0 Total
% of labour cost
2022
Belgium
% of labour cost
Total
% of labour cost
2003-2022
Belgium (red), OECD - Average (black)
Total
% of labour cost
2022
Belgium (red), OECD - Average (black)

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HealthLatestTrendRanking
Health spendingIndicator 6 600 Total
US dollars/capita
2022
Belgium
US dollars/capita
Total
US dollars/capita
2003-2022
Belgium (red)
Total
US dollars/capita
2022
Belgium (red)
Hospital bedsIndicator 5.5 Total
Per 1 000 inhabitants
2022
Belgium
Per 1 000 inhabitants
Total
Per 1 000 inhabitants
2003-2022
Belgium (red), OECD - Total (black)
Total
Per 1 000 inhabitants
2021
Belgium (red)
Length of hospital stayIndicator 6.30 Acute care
Days
2021
Belgium
Days
Acute care
Days
2002-2021
Belgium (red)
Acute care
Days
2021
Belgium (red)
Life expectancy at birthIndicator 79.6 Men
Years
2022
Belgium
Years
Men
Years
2003-2022
Belgium (red)
Men
Years
2022
Belgium (red)
Overweight or obese populationIndicator 55.4 Measured
% of population aged 15+
2018
Belgium
% of population aged 15+
Measured
% of population aged 15+
2014-2018
Belgium (red)

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Innovation and TechnologyLatestTrendRanking
Gross domestic spending on R&DIndicator 3.4 Total
% of GDP
2021
Belgium
% of GDP
Total
% of GDP
2002-2021
Belgium (red), OECD - Total (black)
Total
% of GDP
2021
Belgium (red), OECD - Total (black)
ICT value addedIndicator 4.5 Total
% of value added
2011
Belgium
% of value added
Total
% of value added
2011
Belgium (red), OECD - Total (black)
Internet accessIndicator 94.5 Total
% of all households
2023
Belgium
% of all households
Total
% of all households
2005-2023
Belgium (red), OECD - Total (black)
Total
% of all households
2023
Belgium (red), OECD - Total (black)
Mobile broadband subscriptionsIndicator 94.6 Total
Per 100 inhabitants
2022
Belgium
Per 100 inhabitants
Total
Per 100 inhabitants
2010-2022
Belgium (red), OECD - Total (black)
Total
Per 100 inhabitants
2022
Belgium (red), OECD - Total (black)
Triadic patent familiesIndicator 401.2 Total
Number
2020
Belgium
Number
Total
Number
2001-2020
Belgium (red), OECD - Total (black)
Total
Number
2020
Belgium (red), OECD - Total (black)

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JobsLatestTrendRanking
Average wagesIndicator 64 847.6 Total
US dollars
2022
Belgium
US dollars
Total
US dollars
2003-2022
Belgium (red), OECD - Total (black)
Total
US dollars
2022
Belgium (red), OECD - Total (black)
Employment rateIndicator 66.7 Total
% of working age population
Q3-2023
Belgium
% of working age population
Total
% of working age population
Q4-2018-Q3-2023
Belgium (red), OECD - Total (black)
Total
% of working age population
Q3-2023
Belgium (red)
Hours workedIndicator 1 526 Total
Hours/worker
2021
Belgium
Hours/worker
Total
Hours/worker
2002-2021
Belgium (red), OECD - Total (black)
Total
Hours/worker
2022
OECD - Total (black)
Long-term unemployment rateIndicator 42.2 Total
% of unemployed
2022
Belgium
% of unemployed
Total
% of unemployed
2003-2022
Belgium (red), OECD - Total (black)
Total
% of unemployed
2022
Belgium (red), OECD - Total (black)
Self-employment rateIndicator 15.1 Total
% of employment
2022
Belgium
% of employment
Total
% of employment
2003-2022
Belgium (red), OECD - Total (black)
Total
% of employment
2022
Belgium (red)

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SocietyLatestTrendRanking
Fertility ratesIndicator 1.60 Total
Children/woman
2021
Belgium
Children/woman
Total
Children/woman
2002-2021
Belgium (red), OECD - Average (black)
Total
Children/woman
2021
Belgium (red), OECD - Average (black)
National population distributionIndicator 83.4 Urban regions
Percentage
2014
Belgium
Percentage
Urban regions
Percentage
2014
Belgium (red)
Permanent immigrant inflowsIndicator 122 292.0 Total
Number
2022
Belgium
Number
Total
Number
2005-2022
Belgium (red)
Total
Number
2022
Belgium (red)
Poverty rateIndicator 0.08 Total
Ratio
2021
Belgium
Ratio
Total
Ratio
2018-2021
Belgium (red)
Total
Ratio
2021
Belgium (red)
Social spendingIndicator 29.0 Public
% of GDP
2022
Belgium
% of GDP
Public
% of GDP
2003-2022
Belgium (red), OECD - Total (black)
Public
% of GDP
2022
Belgium (red), OECD - Total (black)

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Publications related to Belgium

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