Selected indicators for Estonia

Population

Population, Million persons, 1994-2014
Population, Annual growth rate (%), 2014

1.3 million

Growth rate: -0.2%

Income inequality

Income inequality, 0 = complete equality; 1 = complete inequality, latest available year

Education

Mathematics performance (PISA), Mean score, 2015
Reading performance (PISA), Mean score, 2015
Science performance (PISA), Mean score, 2015

CO2 emissions

Air and GHG emissions, Carbon dioxide (CO2), latest available year

11.8 tonnes per capita

GDP

Gross domestic product (GDP), US dollars/capita, 2016
Real GDP forecast, Annual growth rate (%), 2019

29 633 US$ per capita

Projected growth rate: 3.0%

Debt

Household debt, % of net disposable income, 2015
General government debt, % of GDP, 2016

Household debt:
81.3 % of disposable income

Government debt:
13.1 % of GDP

Tax

Tax on personal income, % of GDP, 2016

Tax on personal income:
6.0 % of GDP

Unemployment

Unemployment rate, % of labour force, 1996-2016

6.8 % of labour force

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Country profile of Estonia

AgricultureLatestTrendRanking
Agricultural landIndicator 315 Permanent pasture
Hectares
2015
Estonia
Hectares
Permanent pasture
Hectares
1996-2015
Estonia (red)
Permanent pasture
Hectares
2015
Estonia (red)
Agricultural supportIndicator
Crop productionIndicator
Fish landingsIndicator 52 470.1 National landings in domestic ports
Tonnes
2014
Estonia
Tonnes
National landings in domestic ports
Tonnes
1995-2014
Estonia (red)
National landings in domestic ports
Tonnes
2013
Estonia (red)
Nutrient balanceIndicator 22.0 Nitrogen
Kilograms/hectare
2014
Estonia
Kilograms/hectare
Nitrogen
Kilograms/hectare
2004-2014
Estonia (red)
Nitrogen
Kilograms/hectare
2014
Estonia (red)

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DevelopmentLatestTrendRanking
Distribution of net ODAIndicator 2.0 Least developed countries
Million US dollars
2015
Estonia
Million US dollars
Least developed countries
Million US dollars
2002-2015
Estonia (red), DAC Countries (black)
Least developed countries
Million US dollars
2015
Estonia (red), DAC Countries (black)
Grants by private agencies and NGOsIndicator -0.4 Total
Million US dollars
2015
Estonia
Million US dollars
Total
Million US dollars
2014-2015
Estonia (red), DAC Countries (black)
Net ODAIndicator 0.2 Total
% of gross national income
2016
Estonia
% of gross national income
Total
% of gross national income
2004-2016
Estonia (red), DAC Countries (black)
Total
% of gross national income
2016
Estonia (red), DAC Countries (black)
Private flowsIndicator
Total official and private flowsIndicator

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EconomyLatestTrendRanking
Composite leading indicator (CLI)Indicator 100.87 Amplitude adjusted
Long-term average = 100
Oct-2017
Estonia
Long-term average = 100
Household disposable incomeIndicator 4.4 Net
Annual growth rate (%)
2015
Estonia
Annual growth rate (%)
Net
Annual growth rate (%)
1996-2015
Estonia (red)
Net
Annual growth rate (%)
2015
Estonia (red)
Labour compensation per hour workedIndicator 6.4 Total
Annual growth rate (%)
2016
Estonia
Annual growth rate (%)
Total
Annual growth rate (%)
2001-2016
Estonia (red)
Total
Annual growth rate (%)
2016
Estonia (red)
Net national incomeIndicator 23 726 Total
US dollars/capita
2015
Estonia
US dollars/capita
Total
US dollars/capita
2000-2015
Estonia (red), OECD - Total (black)
Total
US dollars/capita
2015
Estonia (red)
Trade in goods and servicesIndicator 79.0 Exports
% of GDP
2016
Estonia
% of GDP
Exports
% of GDP
1997-2016
Estonia (red)
Exports
% of GDP
2016
Estonia (red)

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EducationLatestTrendRanking
Education spendingIndicator 12 375 Tertiary
US dollars/student
2014
Estonia
US dollars/student
Tertiary
US dollars/student
2012-2014
Estonia (red)
Tertiary
US dollars/student
2014
Estonia (red)
Mathematics performance (PISA)Indicator 522 Boys
Mean score
2015
Estonia
Mean score
Boys
Mean score
2006-2015
Estonia (red), OECD - Total (black)
Boys
Mean score
2015
Estonia (red)
Reading performance (PISA)Indicator 505 Boys
Mean score
2015
Estonia
Mean score
Boys
Mean score
2006-2015
Estonia (red), OECD - Total (black)
Boys
Mean score
2015
Estonia (red)
Science performance (PISA)Indicator 536 Boys
Mean score
2015
Estonia
Mean score
Boys
Mean score
2006-2015
Estonia (red), OECD - Total (black)
Boys
Mean score
2015
Estonia (red)
Youth not in employment, education or training (NEET)Indicator 3.1 15-19 year-old men
% in same age group
2016
Estonia
% in same age group
15-19 year-old men
% in same age group
2003-2016
Estonia (red), OECD - Average (black)
15-19 year-old men
% in same age group
2016
Estonia (red), OECD - Average (black)

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EnergyLatestTrendRanking
Crude oil productionIndicator 0.0 Total
Thousand toe
2016
Estonia
Thousand toe
Total
Thousand toe
1997-2016
Estonia (red)
Total
Thousand toe
2016
Estonia (red)
Infrastructure investmentIndicator 174 800 000.00 Road
Euro
2015
Estonia
Euro
Road
Euro
1996-2015
Estonia (red)
Road
Euro
2015
Estonia (red)
Passenger transportIndicator 2 995.0 Road
Million passenger-kilometres
2016
Estonia
Million passenger-kilometres
Road
Million passenger-kilometres
1997-2016
Estonia (red)
Road
Million passenger-kilometres
2015
Estonia (red)
Primary energy supplyIndicator 0.17 Total
Toe/1 000 US dollars
2016
Estonia
Toe/1 000 US dollars
Total
Toe/1 000 US dollars
1997-2016
Estonia (red)
Total
Toe/1 000 US dollars
2016
Estonia (red)
Road accidentsIndicator 59 Deaths
Per 1 000 000 inhabitants
2014
Estonia
Per 1 000 000 inhabitants
Deaths
Per 1 000 000 inhabitants
1995-2014
Estonia (red)
Deaths
Per 1 000 000 inhabitants
2015

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EnvironmentLatestTrendRanking
Air and GHG emissionsIndicator 11.8 Carbon dioxide (CO2)
Tonnes/capita
2015
Estonia
Tonnes/capita
Carbon dioxide (CO2)
Tonnes/capita
1996-2015
Estonia (red)
Carbon dioxide (CO2)
Tonnes/capita
2015
Estonia (red)
Municipal wasteIndicator 360.3 Total
Kilograms/capita
2015
Estonia
Kilograms/capita
Total
Kilograms/capita
1996-2015
Estonia (red), OECD - Total (black)
Total
Kilograms/capita
2015
Estonia (red), OECD - Total (black)
Water withdrawalsIndicator 1 615.3 Total
Million m3
2015
Estonia
Million m3
Total
Million m3
1995-2015
Estonia (red)
Total
Million m3
2012
Estonia (red)

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FinanceLatestTrendRanking
Broad money (M3)Indicator
Long-term interest ratesIndicator
Net pension replacement ratesIndicator 59.8 Men
% of pre-retirement earnings
2014
Estonia
% of pre-retirement earnings
Men
% of pre-retirement earnings
2014
Estonia (red)
Net pension wealthIndicator 6.7 Men
Multiple of annual gross earnings
2014
Estonia
Multiple of annual gross earnings
Men
Multiple of annual gross earnings
2014
Estonia (red)
Short-term interest ratesIndicator -0.3 Total
% per annum
Nov-2017
Estonia
% per annum
Total
% per annum
Apr-2016-Nov-2017
Estonia (red), Euro area (19 countries) (black)
Total
% per annum
Nov-2017
Estonia (red), Euro area (19 countries) (black)

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GovernmentLatestTrendRanking
General government spendingIndicator 40.1 Total
% of GDP
2015
Estonia
% of GDP
Total
% of GDP
1996-2015
Estonia (red)
Total
% of GDP
2015
Estonia (red)
Government reservesIndicator 295.1 Total
SDR millions
Q4-2014
Estonia
SDR millions
Total
SDR millions
Q1-2010-Q4-2014
Estonia (red)
Total
SDR millions
Q4-2014
Estonia (red)
Tax on corporate profitsIndicator 1.8 Total
% of GDP
2016
Estonia
% of GDP
Total
% of GDP
1997-2016
Estonia (red), OECD - Average (black)
Total
% of GDP
2016
Estonia (red)
Tax revenueIndicator 5 814 Total
US dollars/capita
2015
Estonia
US dollars/capita
Total
US dollars/capita
1996-2015
Estonia (red), OECD - Average (black)
Total
US dollars/capita
2015
Estonia (red)
Tax wedgeIndicator 38.9 Total
% of labour cost
2016
Estonia
% of labour cost
Total
% of labour cost
2000-2016
Estonia (red), OECD - Average (black)
Total
% of labour cost
2016
Estonia (red), OECD - Average (black)

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HealthLatestTrendRanking
Health spendingIndicator 1 989 Total
US dollars/capita
2016
Estonia
US dollars/capita
Total
US dollars/capita
1999-2016
Estonia (red)
Total
US dollars/capita
2016
Estonia (red)
Hospital bedsIndicator 5.0 Total
Per 1 000 inhabitants
2015
Estonia
Per 1 000 inhabitants
Total
Per 1 000 inhabitants
1996-2015
Estonia (red)
Total
Per 1 000 inhabitants
2015
Estonia (red)
Length of hospital stayIndicator 5.50 Acute care
Days
2015
Estonia
Days
Acute care
Days
1996-2015
Estonia (red)
Acute care
Days
2015
Estonia (red)
Life expectancy at birthIndicator 73.2 Men
Years
2015
Estonia
Years
Men
Years
1996-2015
Estonia (red)
Men
Years
2015
Estonia (red)
Overweight or obese populationIndicator 51.3 Measured
% of population aged 15+
2014
Estonia
% of population aged 15+
Measured
% of population aged 15+
2014
Estonia (red)

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Innovation and TechnologyLatestTrendRanking
Gross domestic spending on R&DIndicator 1.5 Total
% of GDP
2015
Estonia
% of GDP
Total
% of GDP
1998-2015
Estonia (red), OECD - Total (black)
Total
% of GDP
2015
Estonia (red), OECD - Total (black)
ICT value addedIndicator 6.9 Total
% of value added
2011
Estonia
% of value added
Total
% of value added
2011
Estonia (red), OECD - Total (black)
Internet accessIndicator 86.2 Total
% of all households
2016
Estonia
% of all households
Total
% of all households
2005-2016
Estonia (red), OECD - Total (black)
Total
% of all households
2016
Estonia (red)
Triadic patent familiesIndicator 9.7 Total
Number
2015
Estonia
Number
Total
Number
1996-2015
Estonia (red), OECD - Total (black)
Total
Number
2015
Estonia (red), OECD - Total (black)
Wireless mobile broadband subscriptionsIndicator 116.5 Total
Per 100 inhabitants
Q2-2016
Estonia
Per 100 inhabitants
Total
Per 100 inhabitants
Q2-2010-Q2-2016
Estonia (red), OECD - Total (black)
Total
Per 100 inhabitants
Q2-2016
Estonia (red), OECD - Total (black)

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JobsLatestTrendRanking
Average wagesIndicator 23 621.0 Total
US dollars
2016
Estonia
US dollars
Total
US dollars
1997-2016
Estonia (red)
Total
US dollars
2016
Estonia (red)
Employment rateIndicator 73.0 Total
% of working age population
Q2-2017
Estonia
% of working age population
Total
% of working age population
Q3-2012-Q2-2017
Estonia (red), OECD - Total (black)
Total
% of working age population
Q2-2017
Estonia (red), OECD - Total (black)
Hours workedIndicator 1 855 Total
Hours/worker
2016
Estonia
Hours/worker
Total
Hours/worker
2000-2016
Estonia (red), OECD - Total (black)
Total
Hours/worker
2016
Estonia (red), OECD - Total (black)
Long-term unemployment rateIndicator 31.6 Total
% of unemployed
2016
Estonia
% of unemployed
Total
% of unemployed
1997-2016
Estonia (red), OECD - Total (black)
Total
% of unemployed
2016
Estonia (red), OECD - Total (black)
Self-employment rateIndicator 8.6 Total
% of employment
1999
Estonia
% of employment
Total
% of employment
1995-1999
Estonia (red), OECD - Total (black)
Total
% of employment
2016

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SocietyLatestTrendRanking
Fertility ratesIndicator 1.60 Total
Children/woman
2015
Estonia
Children/woman
Total
Children/woman
1996-2015
Estonia (red)
Total
Children/woman
2015
Estonia (red)
National population distributionIndicator 11.5 Urban regions
Percentage
2014
Estonia
Percentage
Urban regions
Percentage
2014
Estonia (red), OECD - Total (black)
Permanent immigrant inflowsIndicator
Poverty rateIndicator 0.16 Total
Ratio
2014
Estonia
Ratio
Total
Ratio
2013-2014
Estonia (red)
Total
Ratio
2014
Estonia (red)
Social spendingIndicator 17.4 Public
% of GDP
2016
Estonia
% of GDP
Public
% of GDP
1999-2016
Estonia (red), OECD - Total (black)
Public
% of GDP
2016
Estonia (red), OECD - Total (black)

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