Selected indicators for Estonia

Population

Population, Million persons, 1994-2014
Population, Annual growth rate (%), 2014

1.3 million

Growth rate: -0.2%

Income inequality

Income inequality, 0 = complete equality; 1 = complete inequality, latest available year

Education

Mathematics performance (PISA), Mean score, 2015
Reading performance (PISA), Mean score, 2015
Science performance (PISA), Mean score, 2015

CO2 emissions

Air and GHG emissions, Carbon dioxide (CO2), latest available year

13.3 tonnes per capita

GDP

Gross domestic product (GDP), US dollars/capita, 2015
Real GDP forecast, Annual growth rate (%), 2018

28 993 US$ per capita

Projected growth rate: 2.9%

Debt

Household debt, % of net disposable income, 2015
General government debt, % of GDP, 2015

Household debt:
81.9 % of disposable income

Government debt:
12.9 % of GDP

Tax

Tax on personal income, % of GDP, 2015

Tax on personal income:
5.8 % of GDP

Unemployment

Unemployment rate, % of labour force, 1996-2016

6.8 % of labour force

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Country profile of Estonia

AgricultureLatestTrendRanking
Agricultural landIndicator 67.80 Permanent pasture
% of agricultural land
2010
Estonia
% of agricultural land
Permanent pasture
% of agricultural land
2004-2010
Estonia (red)
Permanent pasture
% of agricultural land
2010
Estonia (red)
Agricultural supportIndicator
Crop productionIndicator
Fish landingsIndicator 52 470.1 National landings in domestic ports
Tonnes
2014
Estonia
Tonnes
National landings in domestic ports
Tonnes
1995-2014
Estonia (red)
National landings in domestic ports
Tonnes
2013
Estonia (red)
Nutrient balanceIndicator 20.0 Nitrogen
Kilograms/hectare
2009
Estonia
Kilograms/hectare
Nitrogen
Kilograms/hectare
2004-2009
Estonia (red)
Nitrogen
Kilograms/hectare
2009
Estonia (red)

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DevelopmentLatestTrendRanking
Distribution of net ODAIndicator 2.0 Least developed countries
Million US dollars
2015
Estonia
Million US dollars
Least developed countries
Million US dollars
2002-2015
Estonia (red), DAC Countries (black)
Least developed countries
Million US dollars
2015
Estonia (red), DAC Countries (black)
Grants by private agencies and NGOsIndicator -0.4 Total
Million US dollars
2015
Estonia
Million US dollars
Total
Million US dollars
2014-2015
Estonia (red), DAC Countries (black)
Net ODAIndicator 0.2 Total
% of gross national income
2016
Estonia
% of gross national income
Total
% of gross national income
2004-2016
Estonia (red), DAC Countries (black)
Total
% of gross national income
2016
Estonia (red), DAC Countries (black)
Private flowsIndicator
Total official and private flowsIndicator

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EconomyLatestTrendRanking
Composite leading indicator (CLI)Indicator 101.46 Amplitude adjusted
Long-term average = 100
Feb-2017
Estonia
Long-term average = 100
Household disposable incomeIndicator 4.2 Net
Annual growth rate (%)
2015
Estonia
Annual growth rate (%)
Net
Annual growth rate (%)
1996-2015
Estonia (red)
Net
Annual growth rate (%)
2015
Estonia (red)
Labour compensation per hour workedIndicator 6.2 Total
Annual growth rate (%)
2016
Estonia
Annual growth rate (%)
Total
Annual growth rate (%)
2001-2016
Estonia (red)
Total
Annual growth rate (%)
2015
Estonia (red)
Net national incomeIndicator 23 726 Total
US dollars/capita
2015
Estonia
US dollars/capita
Total
US dollars/capita
2000-2015
Estonia (red), OECD - Total (black)
Total
US dollars/capita
2015
Estonia (red)
Trade in goods and servicesIndicator 79.6 Exports
% of GDP
2016
Estonia
% of GDP
Exports
% of GDP
2007-2016
Estonia (red)
Exports
% of GDP
2016
Estonia (red)

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EducationLatestTrendRanking
Education spendingIndicator 7 138 Tertiary
US dollars/student
2013
Estonia
US dollars/student
Tertiary
US dollars/student
2012-2013
Estonia (red)
Tertiary
US dollars/student
2013
Estonia (red)
Mathematics performance (PISA)Indicator 522 Boys
Mean score
2015
Estonia
Mean score
Boys
Mean score
2006-2015
Estonia (red), OECD - Total (black)
Boys
Mean score
2015
Estonia (red)
Reading performance (PISA)Indicator 505 Boys
Mean score
2015
Estonia
Mean score
Boys
Mean score
2006-2015
Estonia (red), OECD - Total (black)
Boys
Mean score
2015
Estonia (red)
Science performance (PISA)Indicator 536 Boys
Mean score
2015
Estonia
Mean score
Boys
Mean score
2006-2015
Estonia (red), OECD - Total (black)
Boys
Mean score
2015
Estonia (red)
Youth not in employment, education or training (NEET)Indicator 5.1 15-19 year-old men
% in same age group
2015
Estonia
% in same age group
15-19 year-old men
% in same age group
2011-2015
Estonia (red), OECD - Average (black)
15-19 year-old men
% in same age group
2015
Estonia (red), OECD - Average (black)

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EnergyLatestTrendRanking
Crude oil productionIndicator 0.0 Total
Thousand toe
2015
Estonia
Thousand toe
Total
Thousand toe
1996-2015
Estonia (red)
Total
Thousand toe
2015
Estonia (red)
Infrastructure investmentIndicator 94 000 000.00 Road
Euro
2013
Estonia
Euro
Road
Euro
2006-2013
Estonia (red)
Road
Euro
2014
Passenger transportIndicator 2 569.0 Road
Million passenger-kilometres
2014
Estonia
Million passenger-kilometres
Road
Million passenger-kilometres
1995-2014
Estonia (red)
Road
Million passenger-kilometres
2014
Estonia (red)
Primary energy supplyIndicator 0.16 Total
Toe/1 000 US dollars
2015
Estonia
Toe/1 000 US dollars
Total
Toe/1 000 US dollars
1996-2015
Estonia (red)
Total
Toe/1 000 US dollars
2015
Estonia (red)
Road accidentsIndicator 59 Deaths
Per 1 000 000 inhabitants
2014
Estonia
Per 1 000 000 inhabitants
Deaths
Per 1 000 000 inhabitants
1995-2014
Estonia (red)
Deaths
Per 1 000 000 inhabitants
2015

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EnvironmentLatestTrendRanking
Air and GHG emissionsIndicator 13.3 Carbon dioxide (CO2)
Tonnes/capita
2014
Estonia
Tonnes/capita
Carbon dioxide (CO2)
Tonnes/capita
1995-2014
Estonia (red)
Carbon dioxide (CO2)
Tonnes/capita
2014
Estonia (red)
Municipal wasteIndicator 360.3 Total
Kilograms/capita
2015
Estonia
Kilograms/capita
Total
Kilograms/capita
1996-2015
Estonia (red), OECD - Total (black)
Total
Kilograms/capita
2015
Estonia (red), OECD - Total (black)
Water withdrawalsIndicator 1 724.5 Total
Million m3
2014
Estonia
Million m3
Total
Million m3
1994-2014
Estonia (red)
Total
Million m3
2010
Estonia (red)

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FinanceLatestTrendRanking
Broad money (M3)Indicator
Long-term interest ratesIndicator
Net pension replacement ratesIndicator 59.8 Men
% of pre-retirement earnings
2014
Estonia
% of pre-retirement earnings
Men
% of pre-retirement earnings
2014
Estonia (red)
Net pension wealthIndicator 6.7 Men
Multiple of annual gross earnings
2014
Estonia
Multiple of annual gross earnings
Men
Multiple of annual gross earnings
2014
Estonia (red)
Short-term interest ratesIndicator -0.3 Total
% per annum
Mar-2017
Estonia
% per annum
Total
% per annum
Aug-2015-Mar-2017
Estonia (red), Euro area (19 countries) (black)
Total
% per annum
Mar-2017
Estonia (red), Euro area (19 countries) (black)

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GovernmentLatestTrendRanking
General government spendingIndicator 40.3 Total
% of GDP
2015
Estonia
% of GDP
Total
% of GDP
1996-2015
Estonia (red)
Total
% of GDP
2015
Estonia (red)
Government reservesIndicator 295.1 Total
SDR millions
Q4-2014
Estonia
SDR millions
Total
SDR millions
Q1-2010-Q4-2014
Estonia (red)
Total
SDR millions
Q4-2014
Estonia (red)
Tax on corporate profitsIndicator 2.1 Total
% of GDP
2015
Estonia
% of GDP
Total
% of GDP
1996-2015
Estonia (red), OECD - Average (black)
Total
% of GDP
2015
Estonia (red)
Tax revenueIndicator 5 814 Total
US dollars/capita
2015
Estonia
US dollars/capita
Total
US dollars/capita
1996-2015
Estonia (red), OECD - Average (black)
Total
US dollars/capita
2015
Estonia (red)
Tax wedgeIndicator 38.9 Total
% of labour cost
2016
Estonia
% of labour cost
Total
% of labour cost
2000-2016
Estonia (red), OECD - Average (black)
Total
% of labour cost
2016
Estonia (red), OECD - Average (black)

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HealthLatestTrendRanking
Health spendingIndicator 29 Total
US dollars/capita
2015
Estonia
US dollars/capita
Total
US dollars/capita
2009-2015
Estonia (red)
Total
US dollars/capita
2015
Estonia (red)
Hospital bedsIndicator 5.0 Total
Per 1 000 inhabitants
2014
Estonia
Per 1 000 inhabitants
Total
Per 1 000 inhabitants
1995-2014
Estonia (red)
Total
Per 1 000 inhabitants
2014
Estonia (red)
Length of hospital stayIndicator 5.40 Acute care
Days
2014
Estonia
Days
Acute care
Days
1995-2014
Estonia (red)
Acute care
Days
2014
Estonia (red)
Life expectancy at birthIndicator 72.4 Men
Years
2014
Estonia
Years
Men
Years
2008-2014
Estonia (red)
Men
Years
2014
Estonia (red)
Overweight or obese populationIndicator 52.0 Measured
% of population aged 15+
2014
Estonia
% of population aged 15+
Measured
% of population aged 15+
1994-2014
Estonia (red)
Measured
% of population aged 15+
2014
Estonia (red)

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Innovation and TechnologyLatestTrendRanking
Gross domestic spending on R&DIndicator 1.5 Total
% of GDP
2015
Estonia
% of GDP
Total
% of GDP
1998-2015
Estonia (red), OECD - Total (black)
Total
% of GDP
2015
Estonia (red), OECD - Total (black)
ICT value addedIndicator 6.9 Total
% of value added
2011
Estonia
% of value added
Total
% of value added
2011
Estonia (red), OECD - Total (black)
Internet accessIndicator 87.7 Total
% of all households
2015
Estonia
% of all households
Total
% of all households
2005-2015
Estonia (red), OECD - Total (black)
Total
% of all households
2015
Estonia (red)
Triadic patent familiesIndicator 5.4 Total
Number
2014
Estonia
Number
Total
Number
1995-2014
Estonia (red), OECD - Total (black)
Total
Number
2014
Estonia (red), OECD - Total (black)
Wireless mobile broadband subscriptionsIndicator 116.5 Total
Per 100 inhabitants
Q2-2016
Estonia
Per 100 inhabitants
Total
Per 100 inhabitants
Q2-2010-Q2-2016
Estonia (red), OECD - Total (black)
Total
Per 100 inhabitants
Q2-2016
Estonia (red), OECD - Total (black)

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JobsLatestTrendRanking
Average wagesIndicator 21 564.0 Total
US dollars
2015
Estonia
US dollars
Total
US dollars
1996-2015
Estonia (red)
Total
US dollars
2015
Estonia (red)
Employment rateIndicator 72.1 Total
% of working age population
Q4-2016
Estonia
% of working age population
Total
% of working age population
Q1-2012-Q4-2016
Estonia (red), OECD - Total (black)
Total
% of working age population
Q4-2016
Estonia (red), OECD - Total (black)
Hours workedIndicator 1 852 Total
Hours/worker
2015
Estonia
Hours/worker
Total
Hours/worker
2000-2015
Estonia (red), OECD - Total (black)
Total
Hours/worker
2015
Estonia (red), OECD - Total (black)
Long-term unemployment rateIndicator 38.3 Total
% of unemployed
2015
Estonia
% of unemployed
Total
% of unemployed
1996-2015
Estonia (red), OECD - Total (black)
Total
% of unemployed
2015
Estonia (red), OECD - Total (black)
Self-employment rateIndicator 9.4 Total
% of employment
2015
Estonia
% of employment
Total
% of employment
1996-2015
Estonia (red), OECD - Total (black)
Total
% of employment
2015
Estonia (red)

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SocietyLatestTrendRanking
Fertility ratesIndicator 1.54 Total
Children/woman
2014
Estonia
Children/woman
Total
Children/woman
1995-2014
Estonia (red)
Total
Children/woman
2014
Estonia (red)
National population distributionIndicator 11.5 Urban regions
Percentage
2014
Estonia
Percentage
Urban regions
Percentage
2014
Estonia (red), OECD - Total (black)
Permanent immigrant inflowsIndicator
Poverty rateIndicator 0.14 Total
Ratio
2013
Estonia
Ratio
Total
Ratio
2007-2013
Estonia (red)
Total
Ratio
2014
Social spendingIndicator 17.4 Public
% of GDP
2016
Estonia
% of GDP
Public
% of GDP
1999-2016
Estonia (red), OECD - Total (black)
Public
% of GDP
2016
Estonia (red), OECD - Total (black)

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