Selected indicators for Greece

Population

Population, Million persons, 2001-2021
Population, Annual growth rate (%), 2021

10.7 million

Growth rate: -0.4%

Income inequality

Income inequality, 0 = complete equality; 1 = complete inequality, latest available year

Education

Mathematics performance (PISA), Mean score, 2018
Reading performance (PISA), Mean score, 2018
Science performance (PISA), Mean score, 2018

CO2 emissions

Air and GHG emissions, Carbon dioxide (CO2), latest available year

4.5 tonnes per capita

GDP

Gross domestic product (GDP), US dollars/capita, 2021
Real GDP forecast, Annual growth rate (%), 2023

31 282 US$ per capita

Projected growth rate: 2.5%

Debt

Household debt, % of net disposable income, 2020
General government debt, % of GDP, 2021

Household debt:
98.4 % of disposable income

Government debt:
222.4 % of GDP

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Country profile of Greece

AgricultureLatestTrendRanking
Agricultural landIndicator 2 252.00 Permanent pasture
Thousand hectares
2020
Greece
Thousand hectares
Permanent pasture
Thousand hectares
2001-2020
Greece (red)
Permanent pasture
Thousand hectares
2020
Greece (red)
Agricultural supportIndicator
Crop productionIndicator
Fish landingsIndicator 50 280.1 National landings in domestic ports
Tonnes
2020
Greece
Tonnes
National landings in domestic ports
Tonnes
2002-2020
Greece (red), OECD - Total (black)
National landings in domestic ports
Tonnes
2020
Greece (red)
Nutrient balanceIndicator 59.0 Nitrogen
Kilograms/hectare
2015
Greece
Kilograms/hectare
Nitrogen
Kilograms/hectare
1996-2015
Greece (red)
Nitrogen
Kilograms/hectare
2019

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DevelopmentLatestTrendRanking
Distribution of net ODAIndicator 0.1 Least developed countries
Million US dollars
2020
Greece
Million US dollars
Least developed countries
Million US dollars
2001-2020
Greece (red), DAC Countries (black)
Least developed countries
Million US dollars
2020
Greece (red), DAC Countries (black)
Grants by private agencies and NGOsIndicator 0.3 Total
Million US dollars
2018
Greece
Million US dollars
Total
Million US dollars
2002-2018
Greece (red), DAC Countries (black)
Net ODAIndicator 0.1 ODA grant equivalent
% of gross national income
2021
Greece
% of gross national income
ODA grant equivalent
% of gross national income
2018-2021
Greece (red), DAC Countries (black)
ODA grant equivalent
% of gross national income
2021
Greece (red), DAC Countries (black)
Private flowsIndicator 123.0 Total
Million US dollars
2020
Greece
Million US dollars
Total
Million US dollars
2002-2020
Greece (red), DAC Countries (black)
Total
Million US dollars
2020
Greece (red), DAC Countries (black)
Total official and private flowsIndicator 448.4 Total
Million US dollars
2020
Greece
Million US dollars
Total
Million US dollars
2001-2020
Greece (red), DAC Countries (black)
Total
Million US dollars
2020
Greece (red), DAC Countries (black)

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EconomyLatestTrendRanking
Composite leading indicator (CLI)Indicator 96.40 Amplitude adjusted
Long-term average = 100
Aug-2022
Greece
Long-term average = 100
Household disposable incomeIndicator 4.28 Gross
Per capita, percentage change, previous period
Q3-2021
Greece
Per capita, percentage change, previous period
Gross
Per capita, percentage change, previous period
Q4-2016-Q3-2021
Greece (red), OECD - Total (black)
Gross
Per capita, percentage change, previous period
Q2-2021
Greece (red), OECD - Total (black)
Labour compensation per hour workedIndicator -6.3 Total
Annual growth rate (%)
2021
Greece
Annual growth rate (%)
Total
Annual growth rate (%)
2002-2021
Greece (red)
Total
Annual growth rate (%)
2021
Greece (red)
Net national incomeIndicator 23 361 Total
US dollars/capita
2020
Greece
US dollars/capita
Total
US dollars/capita
2006-2020
Greece (red), OECD - Total (black)
Total
US dollars/capita
2020
Greece (red)
Trade in goods and servicesIndicator 40.6 Exports
% of GDP
2021
Greece
% of GDP
Exports
% of GDP
2002-2021
Greece (red)
Exports
% of GDP
2021
Greece (red)

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EducationLatestTrendRanking
Education spendingIndicator 3 503 Tertiary
US dollars/student
2018
Greece
US dollars/student
Tertiary
US dollars/student
1998-2018
Greece (red)
Tertiary
US dollars/student
2018
Greece (red)
Mathematics performance (PISA)Indicator 452 Boys
Mean score
2018
Greece
Mean score
Boys
Mean score
2003-2018
Greece (red), OECD - Average (black)
Boys
Mean score
2018
Greece (red), OECD - Average (black)
Reading performance (PISA)Indicator 437 Boys
Mean score
2018
Greece
Mean score
Boys
Mean score
2000-2018
Greece (red), OECD - Average (black)
Boys
Mean score
2018
Greece (red), OECD - Average (black)
Science performance (PISA)Indicator 446 Boys
Mean score
2018
Greece
Mean score
Boys
Mean score
2006-2018
Greece (red), OECD - Average (black)
Boys
Mean score
2018
Greece (red), OECD - Average (black)
Youth not in employment, education or training (NEET)Indicator 8.4 15-19 year-old men
% in same age group
2020
Greece
% in same age group
15-19 year-old men
% in same age group
2001-2020
Greece (red), OECD - Average (black)
15-19 year-old men
% in same age group
2020
Greece (red), OECD - Average (black)

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EnergyLatestTrendRanking
Crude oil productionIndicator 129.4 Total
Thousand toe
2017
Greece
Thousand toe
Total
Thousand toe
1998-2017
Greece (red)
Total
Thousand toe
2017
Greece (red)
Infrastructure investmentIndicator 797 885 701.43 Road
Euro
2020
Greece
Euro
Road
Euro
2001-2020
Greece (red)
Road
Euro
2019
Greece (red)
Passenger transportIndicator 42 182.0 Road
Million passenger-kilometres
2008
Greece
Million passenger-kilometres
Road
Million passenger-kilometres
1989-2008
Greece (red)
Road
Million passenger-kilometres
2013
Primary energy supplyIndicator 0.07 Total
Toe/1 000 US dollars
2021
Greece
Toe/1 000 US dollars
Total
Toe/1 000 US dollars
2002-2021
Greece (red)
Total
Toe/1 000 US dollars
2021
Greece (red)
Road accidentsIndicator 55 Deaths
Per 1 000 000 inhabitants
2020
Greece
Per 1 000 000 inhabitants
Deaths
Per 1 000 000 inhabitants
2001-2020
Greece (red)
Deaths
Per 1 000 000 inhabitants
2020
Greece (red)

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EnvironmentLatestTrendRanking
Air and GHG emissionsIndicator 4.5 Carbon dioxide (CO2)
Tonnes/capita
2021
Greece
Tonnes/capita
Carbon dioxide (CO2)
Tonnes/capita
2002-2021
Greece (red), OECD - Total (black)
Carbon dioxide (CO2)
Tonnes/capita
2021
Greece (red), OECD - Total (black)
Municipal wasteIndicator 535.9 Total
Kilograms/capita
2019
Greece
Kilograms/capita
Total
Kilograms/capita
2000-2019
Greece (red), OECD - Total (black)
Total
Kilograms/capita
2019
Greece (red), OECD - Total (black)
Water withdrawalsIndicator 10 122.1 Total
Million m3
2020
Greece
Million m3
Total
Million m3
2000-2020
Greece (red)
Total
Million m3
2017
Greece (red)

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FinanceLatestTrendRanking
Broad money (M3)Indicator
Long-term interest ratesIndicator 3.4 Total
% per annum
Aug-2022
Greece
% per annum
Total
% per annum
Jan-2021-Aug-2022
Greece (red)
Total
% per annum
Aug-2022
Greece (red)
Net pension replacement ratesIndicator 83.6 Men
% of pre-retirement earnings
2020
Greece
% of pre-retirement earnings
Men
% of pre-retirement earnings
2014-2020
Greece (red), OECD - Total (black)
Men
% of pre-retirement earnings
2020
Greece (red)
Net pension wealthIndicator 15.4 Men
Multiple of annual gross earnings
2020
Greece
Multiple of annual gross earnings
Men
Multiple of annual gross earnings
2014-2020
Greece (red), OECD - Total (black)
Men
Multiple of annual gross earnings
2020
Greece (red)
Short-term interest ratesIndicator 0.4 Total
% per annum
Aug-2022
Greece
% per annum
Total
% per annum
Jan-2021-Aug-2022
Greece (red), Euro area (19 countries) (black)
Total
% per annum
Aug-2022
Greece (red), Euro area (19 countries) (black)

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GovernmentLatestTrendRanking
General government spendingIndicator 59.8 Total
% of GDP
2020
Greece
% of GDP
Total
% of GDP
2001-2020
Greece (red)
Total
% of GDP
2020
Greece (red)
Government reservesIndicator 1 421.8 Total
SDR millions
Q4-2014
Greece
SDR millions
Total
SDR millions
Q1-2010-Q4-2014
Greece (red)
Total
SDR millions
Q4-2014
Greece (red)
Tax on corporate profitsIndicator 2.2 Total
% of GDP
2019
Greece
% of GDP
Total
% of GDP
2000-2019
Greece (red), OECD - Average (black)
Total
% of GDP
2020
Tax revenueIndicator 38.8 Total
% of GDP
2020
Greece
% of GDP
Total
% of GDP
2001-2020
Greece (red), OECD - Average (black)
Total
% of GDP
2020
Greece (red), OECD - Average (black)
Tax wedgeIndicator 36.7 Total
% of labour cost
2021
Greece
% of labour cost
Total
% of labour cost
2002-2021
Greece (red), OECD - Average (black)
Total
% of labour cost
2021
Greece (red), OECD - Average (black)

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HealthLatestTrendRanking
Health spendingIndicator 2 486 Total
US dollars/capita
2020
Greece
US dollars/capita
Total
US dollars/capita
2001-2020
Greece (red)
Total
US dollars/capita
2020
Greece (red)
Hospital bedsIndicator 4.2 Total
Per 1 000 inhabitants
2019
Greece
Per 1 000 inhabitants
Total
Per 1 000 inhabitants
2000-2019
Greece (red), OECD - Total (black)
Total
Per 1 000 inhabitants
2020
Length of hospital stayIndicator 5.30 Acute care
Days
2015
Greece
Days
Acute care
Days
1996-2015
Greece (red)
Acute care
Days
2020
Life expectancy at birthIndicator 77.5 Men
Years
2021
Greece
Years
Men
Years
2002-2021
Greece (red)
Men
Years
2021
Greece (red)
Overweight or obese populationIndicator

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Innovation and TechnologyLatestTrendRanking
Gross domestic spending on R&DIndicator 1.5 Total
% of GDP
2020
Greece
% of GDP
Total
% of GDP
2000-2020
Greece (red), OECD - Total (black)
Total
% of GDP
2020
Greece (red), OECD - Total (black)
ICT value addedIndicator 4.9 Total
% of value added
2011
Greece
% of value added
Total
% of value added
2011
Greece (red), OECD - Total (black)
Internet accessIndicator 85.1 Total
% of all households
2021
Greece
% of all households
Total
% of all households
2005-2021
Greece (red), OECD - Total (black)
Total
% of all households
2021
Greece (red)
Mobile broadband subscriptionsIndicator 92.6 Total
Per 100 inhabitants
Q4-2021
Greece
Per 100 inhabitants
Total
Per 100 inhabitants
Q2-2012-Q4-2021
Greece (red), OECD - Total (black)
Total
Per 100 inhabitants
Q4-2021
Greece (red), OECD - Total (black)
Triadic patent familiesIndicator 18.2 Total
Number
2019
Greece
Number
Total
Number
2000-2019
Greece (red), OECD - Total (black)
Total
Number
2019
Greece (red), OECD - Total (black)

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JobsLatestTrendRanking
Average wagesIndicator 25 944.4 Total
US dollars
2021
Greece
US dollars
Total
US dollars
2002-2021
Greece (red), OECD - Total (black)
Total
US dollars
2021
Greece (red), OECD - Total (black)
Employment rateIndicator 60.3 Total
% of working age population
Q1-2022
Greece
% of working age population
Total
% of working age population
Q2-2017-Q1-2022
Greece (red), OECD - Total (black)
Total
% of working age population
Q2-2022
Hours workedIndicator 1 872 Total
Hours/worker
2021
Greece
Hours/worker
Total
Hours/worker
2002-2021
Greece (red), OECD - Total (black)
Total
Hours/worker
2021
Greece (red), OECD - Total (black)
Long-term unemployment rateIndicator 62.9 Total
% of unemployed
2021
Greece
% of unemployed
Total
% of unemployed
2002-2021
Greece (red), OECD - Total (black)
Total
% of unemployed
2021
Greece (red), OECD - Total (black)
Self-employment rateIndicator 31.8 Total
% of employment
2021
Greece
% of employment
Total
% of employment
2002-2021
Greece (red), OECD - Total (black)
Total
% of employment
2021
Greece (red)

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SocietyLatestTrendRanking
Fertility ratesIndicator 1.28 Total
Children/woman
2020
Greece
Children/woman
Total
Children/woman
2001-2020
Greece (red)
Total
Children/woman
2020
Greece (red)
National population distributionIndicator 35.4 Urban regions
Percentage
2014
Greece
Percentage
Urban regions
Percentage
2014
Greece (red)
Permanent immigrant inflowsIndicator
Poverty rateIndicator 0.12 Total
Ratio
2019
Greece
Ratio
Total
Ratio
2004-2019
Greece (red)
Total
Ratio
2019
Greece (red)
Social spendingIndicator 24.0 Public
% of GDP
2019
Greece
% of GDP
Public
% of GDP
2000-2019
Greece (red), OECD - Total (black)
Public
% of GDP
2019
Greece (red), OECD - Total (black)

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Publications related to Greece

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