Selected indicators for Türkiye

Population

Population, Million persons, 2000-2020
Population, Annual growth rate (%), 2020

83.4 million

Growth rate: 1.0%

Income inequality

Income inequality, 0 = complete equality; 1 = complete inequality, latest available year

Education

Mathematics performance (PISA), Mean score, 2018
Reading performance (PISA), Mean score, 2018
Science performance (PISA), Mean score, 2018

CO2 emissions

Air and GHG emissions, Carbon dioxide (CO2), latest available year

4.4 tonnes per capita

GDP

Gross domestic product (GDP), US dollars/capita, 2021
Real GDP forecast, Annual growth rate (%), 2023

30 797 US$ per capita

Projected growth rate: 3.0%

Debt

General government debt, % of GDP, 2020

Government debt:
43.0 % of GDP

Tax

Tax on personal income, % of GDP, 2020

Tax on personal income:
3.1 % of GDP

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Country profile of Türkiye

AgricultureLatestTrendRanking
Agricultural landIndicator 14 617.00 Permanent pasture
Thousand hectares
2019
Türkiye
Thousand hectares
Permanent pasture
Thousand hectares
2000-2019
Türkiye (red)
Permanent pasture
Thousand hectares
2020
Agricultural supportIndicator 15.1 Producer support (PSE)
% of gross farm receipts
2021
Türkiye
% of gross farm receipts
Producer support (PSE)
% of gross farm receipts
2002-2021
Türkiye (red), OECD - Total (black)
Crop productionIndicator 3.01 Wheat
Tonnes/hectare
2030
Türkiye
Tonnes/hectare
Wheat
Tonnes/hectare
2011-2030
Türkiye (red), OECD - Total (black)
Fish landingsIndicator 283 954.8 National landings in domestic ports
Tonnes
2018
Türkiye
Tonnes
National landings in domestic ports
Tonnes
1999-2018
Türkiye (red), OECD - Total (black)
National landings in domestic ports
Tonnes
2018
Türkiye (red)
Nutrient balanceIndicator 32.2 Nitrogen
Kilograms/hectare
2019
Türkiye
Kilograms/hectare
Nitrogen
Kilograms/hectare
2000-2019
Türkiye (red)
Nitrogen
Kilograms/hectare
2019
Türkiye (red)

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DevelopmentLatestTrendRanking
Distribution of net ODAIndicator 99.5 Least developed countries
Million US dollars
2020
Türkiye
Million US dollars
Least developed countries
Million US dollars
2001-2020
Türkiye (red), DAC Countries (black)
Least developed countries
Million US dollars
2020
Türkiye (red), DAC Countries (black)
Grants by private agencies and NGOsIndicator 401.9 Total
Million US dollars
2020
Türkiye
Million US dollars
Total
Million US dollars
2005-2020
Türkiye (red), DAC Countries (black)
Net ODAIndicator 1.0 ODA grant equivalent
% of gross national income
2021
Türkiye
% of gross national income
ODA grant equivalent
% of gross national income
2018-2021
Türkiye (red), DAC Countries (black)
ODA grant equivalent
% of gross national income
2021
Türkiye (red), DAC Countries (black)
Private flowsIndicator 280.7 Total
Million US dollars
2020
Türkiye
Million US dollars
Total
Million US dollars
2006-2020
Türkiye (red), DAC Countries (black)
Total
Million US dollars
2020
Türkiye (red), DAC Countries (black)
Total official and private flowsIndicator 7 385.9 Total
Million US dollars
2017
Türkiye
Million US dollars
Total
Million US dollars
1998-2017
Türkiye (red), DAC Countries (black)
Total
Million US dollars
2020
DAC Countries (black)

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EconomyLatestTrendRanking
Composite leading indicator (CLI)Indicator 99.70 Amplitude adjusted
Long-term average = 100
Jun-2022
Türkiye
Long-term average = 100
Household disposable incomeIndicator
Labour compensation per hour workedIndicator
Net national incomeIndicator 23 319 Total
US dollars/capita
2017
Türkiye
US dollars/capita
Total
US dollars/capita
2009-2017
Türkiye (red), OECD - Total (black)
Total
US dollars/capita
2020
Trade in goods and servicesIndicator 35.4 Exports
% of GDP
2021
Türkiye
% of GDP
Exports
% of GDP
2002-2021
Türkiye (red)
Exports
% of GDP
2021
Türkiye (red)

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EducationLatestTrendRanking
Education spendingIndicator 10 008 Tertiary
US dollars/student
2018
Türkiye
US dollars/student
Tertiary
US dollars/student
2011-2018
Türkiye (red)
Tertiary
US dollars/student
2018
Türkiye (red)
Mathematics performance (PISA)Indicator 456 Boys
Mean score
2018
Türkiye
Mean score
Boys
Mean score
2003-2018
Türkiye (red), OECD - Average (black)
Boys
Mean score
2018
Türkiye (red), OECD - Average (black)
Reading performance (PISA)Indicator 453 Boys
Mean score
2018
Türkiye
Mean score
Boys
Mean score
2003-2018
Türkiye (red), OECD - Average (black)
Boys
Mean score
2018
Türkiye (red), OECD - Average (black)
Science performance (PISA)Indicator 465 Boys
Mean score
2018
Türkiye
Mean score
Boys
Mean score
2006-2018
Türkiye (red), OECD - Average (black)
Boys
Mean score
2018
Türkiye (red), OECD - Average (black)
Youth not in employment, education or training (NEET)Indicator 13.2 15-19 year-old men
% in same age group
2019
Türkiye
% in same age group
15-19 year-old men
% in same age group
1999-2019
Türkiye (red), OECD - Average (black)
15-19 year-old men
% in same age group
2020
OECD - Average (black)

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EnergyLatestTrendRanking
Crude oil productionIndicator 2 699.5 Total
Thousand toe
2017
Türkiye
Thousand toe
Total
Thousand toe
1998-2017
Türkiye (red)
Total
Thousand toe
2017
Türkiye (red)
Infrastructure investmentIndicator 6 138 690 736.16 Road
Euro
2017
Türkiye
Euro
Road
Euro
1998-2017
Türkiye (red)
Road
Euro
2019
Passenger transportIndicator 288 992.0 Road
Million passenger-kilometres
2020
Türkiye
Million passenger-kilometres
Road
Million passenger-kilometres
2001-2020
Türkiye (red)
Road
Million passenger-kilometres
2013
Türkiye (red)
Primary energy supplyIndicator 0.06 Total
Toe/1 000 US dollars
2020
Türkiye
Toe/1 000 US dollars
Total
Toe/1 000 US dollars
2001-2020
Türkiye (red)
Total
Toe/1 000 US dollars
2020
Türkiye (red)
Road accidentsIndicator 58 Deaths
Per 1 000 000 inhabitants
2020
Türkiye
Per 1 000 000 inhabitants
Deaths
Per 1 000 000 inhabitants
2015-2020
Türkiye (red)
Deaths
Per 1 000 000 inhabitants
2020
Türkiye (red)

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EnvironmentLatestTrendRanking
Air and GHG emissionsIndicator 4.4 Carbon dioxide (CO2)
Tonnes/capita
2020
Türkiye
Tonnes/capita
Carbon dioxide (CO2)
Tonnes/capita
2001-2020
Türkiye (red), OECD - Total (black)
Carbon dioxide (CO2)
Tonnes/capita
2020
Türkiye (red), OECD - Total (black)
Municipal wasteIndicator 419.7 Total
Kilograms/capita
2019
Türkiye
Kilograms/capita
Total
Kilograms/capita
2000-2019
Türkiye (red), OECD - Total (black)
Total
Kilograms/capita
2019
Türkiye (red), OECD - Total (black)
Water withdrawalsIndicator 61 093.6 Total
Million m3
2018
Türkiye
Million m3
Total
Million m3
1998-2018
Türkiye (red)
Total
Million m3
2017

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FinanceLatestTrendRanking
Broad money (M3)Indicator 168.32 Total
2015=100
Dec-2018
Türkiye
2015=100
Total
2015=100
May-2017-Dec-2018
Türkiye (red), OECD - Total (black)
Total
2015=100
Dec-2018
Türkiye (red), OECD - Total (black)
Long-term interest ratesIndicator
Net pension replacement ratesIndicator 103.3 Men
% of pre-retirement earnings
2020
Türkiye
% of pre-retirement earnings
Men
% of pre-retirement earnings
2014-2020
Türkiye (red), OECD - Total (black)
Men
% of pre-retirement earnings
2020
Türkiye (red)
Net pension wealthIndicator 18.3 Men
Multiple of annual gross earnings
2020
Türkiye
Multiple of annual gross earnings
Men
Multiple of annual gross earnings
2014-2020
Türkiye (red), OECD - Total (black)
Men
Multiple of annual gross earnings
2020
Türkiye (red)
Short-term interest ratesIndicator

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GovernmentLatestTrendRanking
General government spendingIndicator
Government reservesIndicator 74 384.5 Total
SDR millions
Q4-2014
Türkiye
SDR millions
Total
SDR millions
Q1-2010-Q4-2014
Türkiye (red)
Total
SDR millions
Q4-2014
Türkiye (red)
Tax on corporate profitsIndicator 2.1 Total
% of GDP
2020
Türkiye
% of GDP
Total
% of GDP
2001-2020
Türkiye (red), OECD - Average (black)
Total
% of GDP
2020
Türkiye (red)
Tax revenueIndicator 23.9 Total
% of GDP
2020
Türkiye
% of GDP
Total
% of GDP
2001-2020
Türkiye (red), OECD - Average (black)
Total
% of GDP
2020
Türkiye (red), OECD - Average (black)
Tax wedgeIndicator 39.9 Total
% of labour cost
2021
Türkiye
% of labour cost
Total
% of labour cost
2002-2021
Türkiye (red), OECD - Average (black)
Total
% of labour cost
2021
Türkiye (red), OECD - Average (black)

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HealthLatestTrendRanking
Health spendingIndicator 1 305 Total
US dollars/capita
2020
Türkiye
US dollars/capita
Total
US dollars/capita
2001-2020
Türkiye (red)
Total
US dollars/capita
2020
Türkiye (red)
Hospital bedsIndicator 3.0 Total
Per 1 000 inhabitants
2020
Türkiye
Per 1 000 inhabitants
Total
Per 1 000 inhabitants
2000-2020
Türkiye (red), OECD - Total (black)
Total
Per 1 000 inhabitants
2020
Türkiye (red)
Length of hospital stayIndicator 4.50 Acute care
Days
2020
Türkiye
Days
Acute care
Days
2001-2020
Türkiye (red)
Acute care
Days
2020
Türkiye (red)
Life expectancy at birthIndicator 75.9 Men
Years
2019
Türkiye
Years
Men
Years
2000-2019
Türkiye (red)
Men
Years
2021
Overweight or obese populationIndicator 64.4 Measured
% of population aged 15+
2017
Türkiye
% of population aged 15+
Measured
% of population aged 15+
2011-2017
Türkiye (red)

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Innovation and TechnologyLatestTrendRanking
Gross domestic spending on R&DIndicator 1.1 Total
% of GDP
2020
Türkiye
% of GDP
Total
% of GDP
2001-2020
Türkiye (red), OECD - Total (black)
Total
% of GDP
2020
Türkiye (red), OECD - Total (black)
ICT value addedIndicator
Internet accessIndicator 92.0 Total
% of all households
2021
Türkiye
% of all households
Total
% of all households
2005-2021
Türkiye (red), OECD - Total (black)
Total
% of all households
2021
Türkiye (red)
Mobile broadband subscriptionsIndicator 83.2 Total
Per 100 inhabitants
Q4-2021
Türkiye
Per 100 inhabitants
Total
Per 100 inhabitants
Q2-2012-Q4-2021
Türkiye (red), OECD - Total (black)
Total
Per 100 inhabitants
Q4-2021
Türkiye (red), OECD - Total (black)
Triadic patent familiesIndicator 79.7 Total
Number
2019
Türkiye
Number
Total
Number
2000-2019
Türkiye (red), OECD - Total (black)
Total
Number
2019
Türkiye (red), OECD - Total (black)

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JobsLatestTrendRanking
Average wagesIndicator
Employment rateIndicator 52.0 Total
% of working age population
Q1-2022
Türkiye
% of working age population
Total
% of working age population
Q2-2017-Q1-2022
Türkiye (red), OECD - Total (black)
Total
% of working age population
Q1-2022
Türkiye (red), OECD - Total (black)
Hours workedIndicator 1 572 Total
Hours/worker
2020
Türkiye
Hours/worker
Total
Hours/worker
2001-2020
Türkiye (red), OECD - Total (black)
Total
Hours/worker
2021
OECD - Total (black)
Long-term unemployment rateIndicator 31.2 Total
% of unemployed
2021
Türkiye
% of unemployed
Total
% of unemployed
2002-2021
Türkiye (red), OECD - Total (black)
Total
% of unemployed
2021
Türkiye (red), OECD - Total (black)
Self-employment rateIndicator 30.2 Total
% of employment
2020
Türkiye
% of employment
Total
% of employment
2001-2020
Türkiye (red), OECD - Total (black)
Total
% of employment
2021

Find all indicators on Jobs

SocietyLatestTrendRanking
Fertility ratesIndicator 1.76 Total
Children/woman
2020
Türkiye
Children/woman
Total
Children/woman
2001-2020
Türkiye (red)
Total
Children/woman
2020
Türkiye (red)
National population distributionIndicator 51.7 Urban regions
Percentage
2014
Türkiye
Percentage
Urban regions
Percentage
2014
Türkiye (red)
Permanent immigrant inflowsIndicator
Poverty rateIndicator 0.14 Total
Ratio
2018
Türkiye
Ratio
Total
Ratio
2011-2018
Türkiye (red)
Total
Ratio
2019
Social spendingIndicator 12.0 Public
% of GDP
2019
Türkiye
% of GDP
Public
% of GDP
2000-2019
Türkiye (red), OECD - Total (black)
Public
% of GDP
2019
Türkiye (red), OECD - Total (black)

Find all indicators on Society

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