Selected indicators for Australia

Population

Population, Million persons, 2001-2021
Population, Annual growth rate (%), 2021

25.7 million

Growth rate: 0.2%

Income inequality

Income inequality, 0 = complete equality; 1 = complete inequality, latest available year

Education

Mathematics performance (PISA), Mean score, 2018
Reading performance (PISA), Mean score, 2018
Science performance (PISA), Mean score, 2018

CO2 emissions

Air and GHG emissions, Carbon dioxide (CO2), latest available year

14.7 tonnes per capita

GDP

Gross domestic product (GDP), US dollars/capita, 2021
Real GDP forecast, Annual growth rate (%), 2024

62 345 US$ per capita

Projected growth rate: 1.6%

Debt

Household debt, % of net disposable income, 2021
General government debt, % of GDP, 2021

Household debt:
211.0 % of disposable income

Government debt:
83.7 % of GDP

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Country profile of Australia

AgricultureLatestTrendRanking
Agricultural landIndicator 311 716.24 Permanent pasture
Thousand hectares
2020
Australia
Thousand hectares
Permanent pasture
Thousand hectares
2001-2020
Australia (red)
Permanent pasture
Thousand hectares
2020
Australia (red)
Agricultural supportIndicator 2.8 Producer support (PSE)
% of gross farm receipts
2021
Australia
% of gross farm receipts
Producer support (PSE)
% of gross farm receipts
2002-2021
Australia (red), OECD - Total (black)
Crop productionIndicator 2.28 Wheat
Tonnes/hectare
2030
Australia
Tonnes/hectare
Wheat
Tonnes/hectare
2011-2030
Australia (red), OECD - Total (black)
Fish landingsIndicator 179 080.1 National landings in domestic ports
Tonnes
2020
Australia
Tonnes
National landings in domestic ports
Tonnes
2001-2020
Australia (red), OECD - Total (black)
National landings in domestic ports
Tonnes
2020
Australia (red)
Nutrient balanceIndicator 19.4 Nitrogen
Kilograms/hectare
2019
Australia
Kilograms/hectare
Nitrogen
Kilograms/hectare
2000-2019
Australia (red)
Nitrogen
Kilograms/hectare
2019
Australia (red)

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DevelopmentLatestTrendRanking
Distribution of net ODAIndicator 472.9 Least developed countries
Million US dollars
2020
Australia
Million US dollars
Least developed countries
Million US dollars
2001-2020
Australia (red), DAC Countries (black)
Least developed countries
Million US dollars
2020
Australia (red), DAC Countries (black)
Grants by private agencies and NGOsIndicator 1 074.9 Total
Million US dollars
2012
Australia
Million US dollars
Total
Million US dollars
1992-2012
Australia (red), DAC Countries (black)
Net ODAIndicator 0.2 ODA grant equivalent
% of gross national income
2021
Australia
% of gross national income
ODA grant equivalent
% of gross national income
2018-2021
Australia (red), DAC Countries (black)
ODA grant equivalent
% of gross national income
2021
Australia (red), DAC Countries (black)
Private flowsIndicator 1 619.9 Total
Million US dollars
2019
Australia
Million US dollars
Total
Million US dollars
1999-2019
Australia (red), DAC Countries (black)
Total
Million US dollars
2020
DAC Countries (black)
Total official and private flowsIndicator 2 894.5 Total
Million US dollars
2020
Australia
Million US dollars
Total
Million US dollars
2001-2020
Australia (red), DAC Countries (black)
Total
Million US dollars
2020
Australia (red), DAC Countries (black)

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EconomyLatestTrendRanking
Composite leading indicator (CLI)Indicator 98.89 Amplitude adjusted
Long-term average = 100
Oct-2022
Australia
Long-term average = 100
Household disposable incomeIndicator -0.68 Gross
Per capita, percentage change, previous period
Q2-2022
Australia
Per capita, percentage change, previous period
Gross
Per capita, percentage change, previous period
Q3-2017-Q2-2022
Australia (red), OECD - Total (black)
Gross
Per capita, percentage change, previous period
Q3-2021
Australia (red), OECD - Total (black)
Labour compensation per hour workedIndicator 2.2 Total
Annual growth rate (%)
2017
Australia
Annual growth rate (%)
Total
Annual growth rate (%)
1998-2017
Australia (red)
Total
Annual growth rate (%)
2021
Net national incomeIndicator 49 412 Total
US dollars/capita
2021
Australia
US dollars/capita
Total
US dollars/capita
2002-2021
Australia (red), OECD - Total (black)
Total
US dollars/capita
2021
Australia (red)
Trade in goods and servicesIndicator 25.8 Exports
% of GDP
2021
Australia
% of GDP
Exports
% of GDP
2002-2021
Australia (red)
Exports
% of GDP
2021
Australia (red)

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EducationLatestTrendRanking
Education spendingIndicator 20 625 Tertiary
US dollars/student
2019
Australia
US dollars/student
Tertiary
US dollars/student
2000-2019
Australia (red)
Tertiary
US dollars/student
2019
Australia (red)
Mathematics performance (PISA)Indicator 494 Boys
Mean score
2018
Australia
Mean score
Boys
Mean score
2003-2018
Australia (red), OECD - Average (black)
Boys
Mean score
2018
Australia (red), OECD - Average (black)
Reading performance (PISA)Indicator 487 Boys
Mean score
2018
Australia
Mean score
Boys
Mean score
2000-2018
Australia (red), OECD - Average (black)
Boys
Mean score
2018
Australia (red), OECD - Average (black)
Science performance (PISA)Indicator 504 Boys
Mean score
2018
Australia
Mean score
Boys
Mean score
2006-2018
Australia (red), OECD - Average (black)
Boys
Mean score
2018
Australia (red), OECD - Average (black)
Youth not in employment, education or training (NEET)Indicator 5.1 15-19 year-old men
% in same age group
2021
Australia
% in same age group
15-19 year-old men
% in same age group
2002-2021
Australia (red), OECD - Average (black)
15-19 year-old men
% in same age group
2021
Australia (red), OECD - Average (black)

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EnergyLatestTrendRanking
Crude oil productionIndicator 13 563.8 Total
Thousand toe
2017
Australia
Thousand toe
Total
Thousand toe
1998-2017
Australia (red)
Total
Thousand toe
2017
Australia (red)
Infrastructure investmentIndicator 14 715 189 500.85 Road
Euro
2018
Australia
Euro
Road
Euro
1999-2018
Australia (red)
Road
Euro
2019
Passenger transportIndicator 282 449.1 Road
Million passenger-kilometres
2021
Australia
Million passenger-kilometres
Road
Million passenger-kilometres
2002-2021
Australia (red)
Road
Million passenger-kilometres
2013
Australia (red)
Primary energy supplyIndicator 0.10 Total
Toe/1 000 US dollars
2021
Australia
Toe/1 000 US dollars
Total
Toe/1 000 US dollars
2002-2021
Australia (red)
Total
Toe/1 000 US dollars
2021
Australia (red)
Road accidentsIndicator 42 Deaths
Per 1 000 000 inhabitants
2020
Australia
Per 1 000 000 inhabitants
Deaths
Per 1 000 000 inhabitants
2001-2020
Australia (red)
Deaths
Per 1 000 000 inhabitants
2020
Australia (red)

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EnvironmentLatestTrendRanking
Air and GHG emissionsIndicator 14.7 Carbon dioxide (CO2)
Tonnes/capita
2021
Australia
Tonnes/capita
Carbon dioxide (CO2)
Tonnes/capita
2002-2021
Australia (red), OECD - Total (black)
Carbon dioxide (CO2)
Tonnes/capita
2021
Australia (red), OECD - Total (black)
Municipal wasteIndicator 498.8 Total
Kilograms/capita
2019
Australia
Kilograms/capita
Total
Kilograms/capita
1999-2019
Australia (red), OECD - Total (black)
Total
Kilograms/capita
2019
Australia (red), OECD - Total (black)
Water withdrawalsIndicator 13 432.4 Total
Million m3
2020
Australia
Million m3
Total
Million m3
2000-2020
Australia (red)
Total
Million m3
2017
Australia (red)

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FinanceLatestTrendRanking
Broad money (M3)Indicator 155.18 Total
2015=100
Sep-2022
Australia
2015=100
Total
2015=100
Feb-2021-Sep-2022
Australia (red), OECD - Total (black)
Total
2015=100
Dec-2018
Australia (red), OECD - Total (black)
Long-term interest ratesIndicator 3.9 Total
% per annum
Oct-2022
Australia
% per annum
Total
% per annum
Mar-2021-Oct-2022
Australia (red)
Total
% per annum
Oct-2022
Australia (red)
Net pension replacement ratesIndicator 40.5 Men
% of pre-retirement earnings
2020
Australia
% of pre-retirement earnings
Men
% of pre-retirement earnings
2014-2020
Australia (red), OECD - Total (black)
Men
% of pre-retirement earnings
2020
Australia (red)
Net pension wealthIndicator 7.3 Men
Multiple of annual gross earnings
2020
Australia
Multiple of annual gross earnings
Men
Multiple of annual gross earnings
2014-2020
Australia (red), OECD - Total (black)
Men
Multiple of annual gross earnings
2020
Australia (red)
Short-term interest ratesIndicator 3.0 Total
% per annum
Oct-2022
Australia
% per annum
Total
% per annum
Mar-2021-Oct-2022
Australia (red), Euro area (19 countries) (black)
Total
% per annum
Oct-2022
Australia (red), Euro area (19 countries) (black)

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GovernmentLatestTrendRanking
General government spendingIndicator 46.3 Total
% of GDP
2020
Australia
% of GDP
Total
% of GDP
2001-2020
Australia (red)
Total
% of GDP
2020
Australia (red)
Government reservesIndicator 35 073.0 Total
SDR millions
Q4-2014
Australia
SDR millions
Total
SDR millions
Q1-2010-Q4-2014
Australia (red)
Total
SDR millions
Q4-2014
Australia (red)
Tax on corporate profitsIndicator 4.7 Total
% of GDP
2019
Australia
% of GDP
Total
% of GDP
2000-2019
Australia (red), OECD - Average (black)
Total
% of GDP
2020
Tax revenueIndicator 27.7 Total
% of GDP
2019
Australia
% of GDP
Total
% of GDP
2000-2019
Australia (red), OECD - Average (black)
Total
% of GDP
2020
OECD - Average (black)
Tax wedgeIndicator 27.1 Total
% of labour cost
2021
Australia
% of labour cost
Total
% of labour cost
2002-2021
Australia (red), OECD - Average (black)
Total
% of labour cost
2021
Australia (red), OECD - Average (black)

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HealthLatestTrendRanking
Health spendingIndicator 5 627 Total
US dollars/capita
2020
Australia
US dollars/capita
Total
US dollars/capita
2001-2020
Australia (red)
Total
US dollars/capita
2020
Australia (red)
Hospital bedsIndicator 3.8 Total
Per 1 000 inhabitants
2016
Australia
Per 1 000 inhabitants
Total
Per 1 000 inhabitants
1996-2016
Australia (red), OECD - Total (black)
Total
Per 1 000 inhabitants
2020
Length of hospital stayIndicator 4.70 Acute care
Days
2019
Australia
Days
Acute care
Days
1999-2019
Australia (red)
Acute care
Days
2020
Life expectancy at birthIndicator 81.2 Men
Years
2020
Australia
Years
Men
Years
2001-2020
Australia (red)
Men
Years
2021
Overweight or obese populationIndicator 65.2 Measured
% of population aged 15+
2017
Australia
% of population aged 15+
Measured
% of population aged 15+
1997-2017
Australia (red)

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Innovation and TechnologyLatestTrendRanking
Gross domestic spending on R&DIndicator 1.8 Total
% of GDP
2019
Australia
% of GDP
Total
% of GDP
1999-2019
Australia (red), OECD - Total (black)
Total
% of GDP
2020
OECD - Total (black)
ICT value addedIndicator
Internet accessIndicator 86.1 Total
% of all households
2016
Australia
% of all households
Total
% of all households
2005-2016
Australia (red), OECD - Total (black)
Total
% of all households
2021
Mobile broadband subscriptionsIndicator 123.5 Total
Per 100 inhabitants
Q4-2021
Australia
Per 100 inhabitants
Total
Per 100 inhabitants
Q2-2012-Q4-2021
Australia (red), OECD - Total (black)
Total
Per 100 inhabitants
Q4-2021
Australia (red), OECD - Total (black)
Triadic patent familiesIndicator 361.3 Total
Number
2020
Australia
Number
Total
Number
2001-2020
Australia (red), OECD - Total (black)
Total
Number
2020
Australia (red), OECD - Total (black)

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JobsLatestTrendRanking
Average wagesIndicator 56 599.9 Total
US dollars
2021
Australia
US dollars
Total
US dollars
2002-2021
Australia (red), OECD - Total (black)
Total
US dollars
2021
Australia (red), OECD - Total (black)
Employment rateIndicator 77.6 Total
% of working age population
Q3-2022
Australia
% of working age population
Total
% of working age population
Q4-2017-Q3-2022
Australia (red), OECD - Total (black)
Total
% of working age population
Q2-2022
Australia (red), OECD - Total (black)
Hours workedIndicator 1 694 Total
Hours/worker
2021
Australia
Hours/worker
Total
Hours/worker
2002-2021
Australia (red), OECD - Total (black)
Total
Hours/worker
2021
Australia (red), OECD - Total (black)
Long-term unemployment rateIndicator 19.4 Total
% of unemployed
2018
Australia
% of unemployed
Total
% of unemployed
1999-2018
Australia (red), OECD - Total (black)
Total
% of unemployed
2021
OECD - Total (black)
Self-employment rateIndicator 9.5 Total
% of employment
2021
Australia
% of employment
Total
% of employment
2002-2021
Australia (red), OECD - Total (black)
Total
% of employment
2021
Australia (red)

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SocietyLatestTrendRanking
Fertility ratesIndicator 1.58 Total
Children/woman
2020
Australia
Children/woman
Total
Children/woman
2001-2020
Australia (red)
Total
Children/woman
2020
Australia (red)
National population distributionIndicator 70.0 Urban regions
Percentage
2014
Australia
Percentage
Urban regions
Percentage
2014
Australia (red)
Permanent immigrant inflowsIndicator 192 991.1 Total
Number
2019
Australia
Number
Total
Number
2003-2019
Australia (red)
Total
Number
2019
Australia (red)
Poverty rateIndicator 0.13 Total
Ratio
2020
Australia
Ratio
Total
Ratio
2012-2020
Australia (red)
Total
Ratio
2019
Social spendingIndicator 16.7 Public
% of GDP
2017
Australia
% of GDP
Public
% of GDP
1998-2017
Australia (red), OECD - Total (black)
Public
% of GDP
2019
OECD - Total (black)

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