Selected indicators for Australia

Population

Population, Million persons, 2002-2022

26.0 million

Growth rate: <%population-growth-rate%>%

Income inequality

Income inequality, 0 = complete equality; 1 = complete inequality, latest available year

Education

Mathematics performance (PISA), Mean score, 2018
Reading performance (PISA), Mean score, 2018
Science performance (PISA), Mean score, 2018

CO2 emissions

Air and GHG emissions, Carbon dioxide (CO2), latest available year

14.5 tonnes per capita

GDP

Gross domestic product (GDP), US dollars/capita, 2022
Real GDP forecast, Annual growth rate (%), 2025

71 862 US$ per capita

Projected growth rate: 2.1%

Debt

Household debt, % of net disposable income, 2021
General government debt, % of GDP, 2022

Household debt:
210.9 % of disposable income

Government debt:
70.8 % of GDP

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Country profile of Australia

AgricultureLatestTrendRanking
Agricultural landIndicator 313 298.13 Permanent pasture
Thousand hectares
2021
Australia
Thousand hectares
Permanent pasture
Thousand hectares
2002-2021
Australia (red)
Permanent pasture
Thousand hectares
2021
Australia (red)
Agricultural supportIndicator 3 971.4 Total support (TSE)
Million US dollars
2022
Australia
Million US dollars
Total support (TSE)
Million US dollars
2003-2022
Australia (red), OECD - Total (black)
Crop productionIndicator 2.28 Wheat
Tonnes/hectare
2030
Australia
Tonnes/hectare
Wheat
Tonnes/hectare
2011-2030
Australia (red), OECD - Total (black)
Nutrient balanceIndicator 17.3 Nitrogen
Kilograms/hectare
2020
Australia
Kilograms/hectare
Nitrogen
Kilograms/hectare
2001-2020
Australia (red)
Nitrogen
Kilograms/hectare
2019
Australia (red)

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DevelopmentLatestTrendRanking
Distribution of net ODAIndicator 616.0 Least developed countries
Million US dollars
2022
Australia
Million US dollars
Least developed countries
Million US dollars
2003-2022
Australia (red), DAC Countries (black)
Least developed countries
Million US dollars
2022
Australia (red), DAC Countries (black)
Grants by private agencies and NGOsIndicator 1 232.7 Total
Million US dollars
2012
Australia
Million US dollars
Total
Million US dollars
1992-2012
Australia (red), DAC Countries (black)
Net ODAIndicator 0.2 ODA grant equivalent
% of gross national income
2022
Australia
% of gross national income
ODA grant equivalent
% of gross national income
2018-2022
Australia (red), DAC Countries (black)
ODA grant equivalent
% of gross national income
2022
Australia (red), DAC Countries (black)
Private flowsIndicator 1 862.1 Total
Million US dollars
2019
Australia
Million US dollars
Total
Million US dollars
1999-2019
Australia (red), DAC Countries (black)
Total
Million US dollars
2020
DAC Countries (black)
Total official and private flowsIndicator 3 193.0 Total
Million US dollars
2022
Australia
Million US dollars
Total
Million US dollars
2003-2022
Australia (red), DAC Countries (black)
Total
Million US dollars
2022
Australia (red), DAC Countries (black)

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EconomyLatestTrendRanking
Composite leading indicator (CLI)Indicator 98.63 Amplitude adjusted
Long-term average = 100
Nov-2023
Australia
Long-term average = 100
Household disposable incomeIndicator -0.53 Gross
Per capita, percentage change, previous period
Q2-2023
Australia
Per capita, percentage change, previous period
Gross
Per capita, percentage change, previous period
Q3-2018-Q2-2023
Australia (red), OECD - Total (black)
Gross
Per capita, percentage change, previous period
Q1-2022
Australia (red), OECD - Total (black)
Labour compensation per hour workedIndicator 2.2 Total
Annual growth rate (%)
2017
Australia
Annual growth rate (%)
Total
Annual growth rate (%)
1998-2017
Australia (red)
Total
Annual growth rate (%)
2022
Net national incomeIndicator 56 406 Total
US dollars/capita
2022
Australia
US dollars/capita
Total
US dollars/capita
2003-2022
Australia (red), OECD - Total (black)
Total
US dollars/capita
2022
Australia (red)
Trade in goods and servicesIndicator 26.7 Exports
% of GDP
2022
Australia
% of GDP
Exports
% of GDP
2003-2022
Australia (red)
Exports
% of GDP
2022
Australia (red)

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EducationLatestTrendRanking
Mathematics performance (PISA)Indicator 494 Boys
Mean score
2018
Australia
Mean score
Boys
Mean score
2003-2018
Australia (red), OECD - Average (black)
Boys
Mean score
2018
Australia (red), OECD - Average (black)
Reading performance (PISA)Indicator 487 Boys
Mean score
2018
Australia
Mean score
Boys
Mean score
2000-2018
Australia (red), OECD - Average (black)
Boys
Mean score
2018
Australia (red), OECD - Average (black)
Science performance (PISA)Indicator 504 Boys
Mean score
2018
Australia
Mean score
Boys
Mean score
2006-2018
Australia (red), OECD - Average (black)
Boys
Mean score
2018
Australia (red), OECD - Average (black)
Youth not in employment, education or training (NEET)Indicator 5.6 15-19 year-old men
% in same age group
2022
Australia
% in same age group
15-19 year-old men
% in same age group
2003-2022
Australia (red), OECD - Average (black)
15-19 year-old men
% in same age group
2022
Australia (red), OECD - Average (black)

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EnergyLatestTrendRanking
Crude oil productionIndicator 15 577.3 Total
Thousand toe
2021
Australia
Thousand toe
Total
Thousand toe
2002-2021
Australia (red)
Total
Thousand toe
2021
Australia (red)
Infrastructure investmentIndicator 13 286 823 655.25 Road
Euro
2021
Australia
Euro
Road
Euro
2002-2021
Australia (red)
Road
Euro
2021
Australia (red)
Primary energy supplyIndicator 0.10 Total
Toe/1 000 US dollars
2022
Australia
Toe/1 000 US dollars
Total
Toe/1 000 US dollars
2003-2022
Australia (red)
Total
Toe/1 000 US dollars
2022
Australia (red)
Road accidentsIndicator 5 Deaths
Per 1 000 000 inhabitants
2022
Australia
Per 1 000 000 inhabitants
Deaths
Per 1 000 000 inhabitants
2003-2022
Australia (red)
Deaths
Per 1 000 000 inhabitants
2022
Australia (red)

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EnvironmentLatestTrendRanking
Air and GHG emissionsIndicator 14.5 Carbon dioxide (CO2)
Tonnes/capita
2022
Australia
Tonnes/capita
Carbon dioxide (CO2)
Tonnes/capita
2003-2022
Australia (red), OECD - Total (black)
Carbon dioxide (CO2)
Tonnes/capita
2022
Australia (red), OECD - Total (black)
Municipal wasteIndicator 495.6 Total
Kilograms/capita
2019
Australia
Kilograms/capita
Total
Kilograms/capita
1999-2019
Australia (red), OECD - Total (black)
Total
Kilograms/capita
2020
OECD - Total (black)
Water withdrawalsIndicator 16 250.8 Total
Million m3
2021
Australia
Million m3
Total
Million m3
2001-2021
Australia (red)
Total
Million m3
2020
Australia (red)

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FinanceLatestTrendRanking
Broad money (M3)Indicator 162.82 Total
2015=100
Sep-2023
Australia
2015=100
Total
2015=100
Feb-2022-Sep-2023
Australia (red), OECD - Total (black)
Total
2015=100
Dec-2018
Australia (red), OECD - Total (black)
Long-term interest ratesIndicator 4.6 Total
% per annum
Nov-2023
Australia
% per annum
Total
% per annum
Apr-2022-Nov-2023
Australia (red)
Total
% per annum
Nov-2023
Australia (red)
Net pension replacement ratesIndicator 33.7 Men
% of pre-retirement earnings
2022
Australia
% of pre-retirement earnings
Men
% of pre-retirement earnings
2014-2022
Australia (red), OECD - Total (black)
Men
% of pre-retirement earnings
2022
Australia (red)
Net pension wealthIndicator 10.6 Men
Multiple of annual gross earnings
2022
Australia
Multiple of annual gross earnings
Men
Multiple of annual gross earnings
2014-2022
Australia (red), OECD - Total (black)
Men
Multiple of annual gross earnings
2022
Australia (red)
Short-term interest ratesIndicator 4.4 Total
% per annum
Nov-2023
Australia
% per annum
Total
% per annum
Apr-2022-Nov-2023
Australia (red), Euro area (19 countries) (black)
Total
% per annum
Nov-2023
Australia (red), Euro area (19 countries) (black)

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GovernmentLatestTrendRanking
General government spendingIndicator 41.1 Total
% of GDP
2021
Australia
% of GDP
Total
% of GDP
2002-2021
Australia (red)
Total
% of GDP
2021
Australia (red)
Government reservesIndicator 35 073.0 Total
SDR millions
Q4-2014
Australia
SDR millions
Total
SDR millions
Q1-2010-Q4-2014
Australia (red)
Total
SDR millions
Q4-2014
Australia (red)
Tax on corporate profitsIndicator 6.6 Total
% of GDP
2021
Australia
% of GDP
Total
% of GDP
2002-2021
Australia (red), OECD - Average (black)
Total
% of GDP
2022
Tax revenueIndicator 29.5 Total
% of GDP
2021
Australia
% of GDP
Total
% of GDP
2002-2021
Australia (red), OECD - Average (black)
Total
% of GDP
2022
OECD - Average (black)
Tax wedgeIndicator 26.9 Total
% of labour cost
2022
Australia
% of labour cost
Total
% of labour cost
2003-2022
Australia (red), OECD - Average (black)
Total
% of labour cost
2022
Australia (red), OECD - Average (black)

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HealthLatestTrendRanking
Health spendingIndicator 6 372 Total
US dollars/capita
2022
Australia
US dollars/capita
Total
US dollars/capita
2003-2022
Australia (red)
Total
US dollars/capita
2022
Australia (red)
Hospital bedsIndicator 3.8 Total
Per 1 000 inhabitants
2016
Australia
Per 1 000 inhabitants
Total
Per 1 000 inhabitants
1996-2016
Australia (red), OECD - Total (black)
Total
Per 1 000 inhabitants
2021
Length of hospital stayIndicator 4.60 Acute care
Days
2020
Australia
Days
Acute care
Days
2000-2020
Australia (red)
Acute care
Days
2021
Life expectancy at birthIndicator 81.3 Men
Years
2021
Australia
Years
Men
Years
2002-2021
Australia (red)
Men
Years
2022
Overweight or obese populationIndicator 65.2 Measured
% of population aged 15+
2017
Australia
% of population aged 15+
Measured
% of population aged 15+
1997-2017
Australia (red)

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Innovation and TechnologyLatestTrendRanking
Gross domestic spending on R&DIndicator 1.8 Total
% of GDP
2019
Australia
% of GDP
Total
% of GDP
1999-2019
Australia (red), OECD - Total (black)
Total
% of GDP
2021
OECD - Total (black)
ICT value addedIndicator
Internet accessIndicator 86.1 Total
% of all households
2016
Australia
% of all households
Total
% of all households
2005-2016
Australia (red), OECD - Total (black)
Total
% of all households
2023
OECD - Total (black)
Mobile broadband subscriptionsIndicator 127.3 Total
Per 100 inhabitants
2022
Australia
Per 100 inhabitants
Total
Per 100 inhabitants
2010-2022
Australia (red), OECD - Total (black)
Total
Per 100 inhabitants
2022
Australia (red), OECD - Total (black)
Triadic patent familiesIndicator 361.3 Total
Number
2020
Australia
Number
Total
Number
2001-2020
Australia (red), OECD - Total (black)
Total
Number
2020
Australia (red), OECD - Total (black)

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JobsLatestTrendRanking
Average wagesIndicator 59 407.9 Total
US dollars
2022
Australia
US dollars
Total
US dollars
2003-2022
Australia (red), OECD - Total (black)
Total
US dollars
2022
Australia (red), OECD - Total (black)
Employment rateIndicator 77.6 Total
% of working age population
Q3-2023
Australia
% of working age population
Total
% of working age population
Q4-2018-Q3-2023
Australia (red), OECD - Total (black)
Total
% of working age population
Q3-2023
Australia (red)
Hours workedIndicator 1 707 Total
Hours/worker
2022
Australia
Hours/worker
Total
Hours/worker
2003-2022
Australia (red), OECD - Total (black)
Total
Hours/worker
2022
Australia (red), OECD - Total (black)
Long-term unemployment rateIndicator 19.4 Total
% of unemployed
2018
Australia
% of unemployed
Total
% of unemployed
1999-2018
Australia (red), OECD - Total (black)
Total
% of unemployed
2022
OECD - Total (black)
Self-employment rateIndicator 9.0 Total
% of employment
2022
Australia
% of employment
Total
% of employment
2003-2022
Australia (red), OECD - Total (black)
Total
% of employment
2022
Australia (red)

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SocietyLatestTrendRanking
Fertility ratesIndicator 1.70 Total
Children/woman
2021
Australia
Children/woman
Total
Children/woman
2002-2021
Australia (red), OECD - Average (black)
Total
Children/woman
2021
Australia (red), OECD - Average (black)
National population distributionIndicator 70.0 Urban regions
Percentage
2014
Australia
Percentage
Urban regions
Percentage
2014
Australia (red)
Permanent immigrant inflowsIndicator 166 120.0 Total
Number
2022
Australia
Number
Total
Number
2003-2022
Australia (red)
Total
Number
2022
Australia (red)
Poverty rateIndicator 0.13 Total
Ratio
2020
Australia
Ratio
Total
Ratio
2012-2020
Australia (red)
Total
Ratio
2021
Social spendingIndicator 20.5 Public
% of GDP
2019
Australia
% of GDP
Public
% of GDP
2000-2019
Australia (red), OECD - Total (black)
Public
% of GDP
2022
OECD - Total (black)

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