Selected indicators for Germany

Population

Population, Million persons, 2002-2022

83.8 million

Growth rate: <%population-growth-rate%>%

Income inequality

Income inequality, 0 = complete equality; 1 = complete inequality, latest available year

Education

Mathematics performance (PISA), Mean score, 2018
Reading performance (PISA), Mean score, 2018
Science performance (PISA), Mean score, 2018

CO2 emissions

Air and GHG emissions, Carbon dioxide (CO2), latest available year

7.2 tonnes per capita

GDP

Gross domestic product (GDP), US dollars/capita, 2022
Real GDP forecast, Annual growth rate (%), 2025

66 616 US$ per capita

Projected growth rate: 1.2%

Debt

Household debt, % of net disposable income, 2022
General government debt, % of GDP, 2022

Household debt:
99.5 % of disposable income

Government debt:
65.4 % of GDP

Tax

Tax on personal income, % of GDP, 2022

Tax on personal income:
10.7 % of GDP

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Country profile of Germany

AgricultureLatestTrendRanking
Agricultural landIndicator 4 729.70 Permanent pasture
Thousand hectares
2021
Germany
Thousand hectares
Permanent pasture
Thousand hectares
2002-2021
Germany (red)
Permanent pasture
Thousand hectares
2021
Germany (red)
Agricultural supportIndicator
Crop productionIndicator
Nutrient balanceIndicator 53.4 Nitrogen
Kilograms/hectare
2019
Germany
Kilograms/hectare
Nitrogen
Kilograms/hectare
2000-2019
Germany (red)
Nitrogen
Kilograms/hectare
2019
Germany (red)

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DevelopmentLatestTrendRanking
Distribution of net ODAIndicator 3 321.6 Least developed countries
Million US dollars
2022
Germany
Million US dollars
Least developed countries
Million US dollars
2003-2022
Germany (red), DAC Countries (black)
Least developed countries
Million US dollars
2022
Germany (red), DAC Countries (black)
Grants by private agencies and NGOsIndicator 1 927.1 Total
Million US dollars
2022
Germany
Million US dollars
Total
Million US dollars
2003-2022
Germany (red), DAC Countries (black)
Net ODAIndicator 0.8 ODA grant equivalent
% of gross national income
2022
Germany
% of gross national income
ODA grant equivalent
% of gross national income
2018-2022
Germany (red), DAC Countries (black)
ODA grant equivalent
% of gross national income
2022
Germany (red), DAC Countries (black)
Private flowsIndicator 19 531.1 Total
Million US dollars
2022
Germany
Million US dollars
Total
Million US dollars
2002-2022
Germany (red), DAC Countries (black)
Total
Million US dollars
2020
Germany (red), DAC Countries (black)
Total official and private flowsIndicator 59 018.0 Total
Million US dollars
2022
Germany
Million US dollars
Total
Million US dollars
2003-2022
Germany (red), DAC Countries (black)
Total
Million US dollars
2022
Germany (red), DAC Countries (black)

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EconomyLatestTrendRanking
Composite leading indicator (CLI)Indicator 99.05 Amplitude adjusted
Long-term average = 100
Nov-2023
Germany
Long-term average = 100
Household disposable incomeIndicator 0.53 Gross
Per capita, percentage change, previous period
Q2-2023
Germany
Per capita, percentage change, previous period
Gross
Per capita, percentage change, previous period
Q3-2018-Q2-2023
Germany (red), OECD - Total (black)
Gross
Per capita, percentage change, previous period
Q1-2022
Germany (red), OECD - Total (black)
Labour compensation per hour workedIndicator 4.0 Total
Annual growth rate (%)
2022
Germany
Annual growth rate (%)
Total
Annual growth rate (%)
2003-2022
Germany (red)
Total
Annual growth rate (%)
2022
Germany (red)
Net national incomeIndicator 55 652 Total
US dollars/capita
2022
Germany
US dollars/capita
Total
US dollars/capita
2003-2022
Germany (red), OECD - Total (black)
Total
US dollars/capita
2022
Germany (red)
Trade in goods and servicesIndicator 50.9 Exports
% of GDP
2022
Germany
% of GDP
Exports
% of GDP
2003-2022
Germany (red)
Exports
% of GDP
2022
Germany (red)

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EducationLatestTrendRanking
Mathematics performance (PISA)Indicator 503 Boys
Mean score
2018
Germany
Mean score
Boys
Mean score
2003-2018
Germany (red), OECD - Average (black)
Boys
Mean score
2018
Germany (red), OECD - Average (black)
Reading performance (PISA)Indicator 486 Boys
Mean score
2018
Germany
Mean score
Boys
Mean score
2000-2018
Germany (red), OECD - Average (black)
Boys
Mean score
2018
Germany (red), OECD - Average (black)
Science performance (PISA)Indicator 502 Boys
Mean score
2018
Germany
Mean score
Boys
Mean score
2006-2018
Germany (red), OECD - Average (black)
Boys
Mean score
2018
Germany (red), OECD - Average (black)
Youth not in employment, education or training (NEET)Indicator 4.3 15-19 year-old men
% in same age group
2022
Germany
% in same age group
15-19 year-old men
% in same age group
2002-2022
Germany (red), OECD - Average (black)
15-19 year-old men
% in same age group
2022
Germany (red), OECD - Average (black)

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EnergyLatestTrendRanking
Crude oil productionIndicator 1 839.6 Total
Thousand toe
2021
Germany
Thousand toe
Total
Thousand toe
2002-2021
Germany (red)
Total
Thousand toe
2021
Germany (red)
Infrastructure investmentIndicator 16 450 000 000.00 Road
Euro
2021
Germany
Euro
Road
Euro
2002-2021
Germany (red)
Road
Euro
2021
Germany (red)
Primary energy supplyIndicator 0.06 Total
Toe/1 000 US dollars
2022
Germany
Toe/1 000 US dollars
Total
Toe/1 000 US dollars
2003-2022
Germany (red)
Total
Toe/1 000 US dollars
2022
Germany (red)
Road accidentsIndicator 3 Deaths
Per 1 000 000 inhabitants
2022
Germany
Per 1 000 000 inhabitants
Deaths
Per 1 000 000 inhabitants
2003-2022
Germany (red)
Deaths
Per 1 000 000 inhabitants
2022
Germany (red)

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EnvironmentLatestTrendRanking
Air and GHG emissionsIndicator 7.2 Carbon dioxide (CO2)
Tonnes/capita
2022
Germany
Tonnes/capita
Carbon dioxide (CO2)
Tonnes/capita
2003-2022
Germany (red), OECD - Total (black)
Carbon dioxide (CO2)
Tonnes/capita
2022
Germany (red), OECD - Total (black)
Municipal wasteIndicator 646.6 Total
Kilograms/capita
2021
Germany
Kilograms/capita
Total
Kilograms/capita
2002-2021
Germany (red), OECD - Total (black)
Total
Kilograms/capita
2020
Germany (red), OECD - Total (black)
Water withdrawalsIndicator 20 716.5 Total
Million m3
2019
Germany
Million m3
Total
Million m3
1999-2019
Germany (red)
Total
Million m3
2020

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FinanceLatestTrendRanking
Broad money (M3)Indicator
Long-term interest ratesIndicator 2.6 Total
% per annum
Nov-2023
Germany
% per annum
Total
% per annum
Apr-2022-Nov-2023
Germany (red)
Total
% per annum
Nov-2023
Germany (red)
Net pension replacement ratesIndicator 55.3 Men
% of pre-retirement earnings
2022
Germany
% of pre-retirement earnings
Men
% of pre-retirement earnings
2014-2022
Germany (red), OECD - Total (black)
Men
% of pre-retirement earnings
2022
Germany (red)
Net pension wealthIndicator 12.3 Men
Multiple of annual gross earnings
2022
Germany
Multiple of annual gross earnings
Men
Multiple of annual gross earnings
2014-2022
Germany (red), OECD - Total (black)
Men
Multiple of annual gross earnings
2022
Germany (red)
Short-term interest ratesIndicator 4.0 Total
% per annum
Nov-2023
Germany
% per annum
Total
% per annum
Apr-2022-Nov-2023
Germany (red), Euro area (19 countries) (black)
Total
% per annum
Nov-2023
Germany (red), Euro area (19 countries) (black)

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GovernmentLatestTrendRanking
General government spendingIndicator 51.0 Total
% of GDP
2021
Germany
% of GDP
Total
% of GDP
2002-2021
Germany (red)
Total
% of GDP
2021
Germany (red)
Government reservesIndicator 46 785.5 Total
SDR millions
Q4-2014
Germany
SDR millions
Total
SDR millions
Q1-2010-Q4-2014
Germany (red)
Total
SDR millions
Q4-2014
Germany (red)
Tax on corporate profitsIndicator 2.4 Total
% of GDP
2022
Germany
% of GDP
Total
% of GDP
2003-2022
Germany (red), OECD - Average (black)
Total
% of GDP
2022
Germany (red)
Tax revenueIndicator 39.3 Total
% of GDP
2022
Germany
% of GDP
Total
% of GDP
2003-2022
Germany (red), OECD - Average (black)
Total
% of GDP
2022
Germany (red), OECD - Average (black)
Tax wedgeIndicator 47.8 Total
% of labour cost
2022
Germany
% of labour cost
Total
% of labour cost
2003-2022
Germany (red), OECD - Average (black)
Total
% of labour cost
2022
Germany (red), OECD - Average (black)

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HealthLatestTrendRanking
Health spendingIndicator 8 011 Total
US dollars/capita
2022
Germany
US dollars/capita
Total
US dollars/capita
2003-2022
Germany (red)
Total
US dollars/capita
2022
Germany (red)
Hospital bedsIndicator 7.8 Total
Per 1 000 inhabitants
2021
Germany
Per 1 000 inhabitants
Total
Per 1 000 inhabitants
2002-2021
Germany (red), OECD - Total (black)
Total
Per 1 000 inhabitants
2021
Germany (red)
Length of hospital stayIndicator 7.40 Acute care
Days
2021
Germany
Days
Acute care
Days
2002-2021
Germany (red)
Acute care
Days
2021
Germany (red)
Life expectancy at birthIndicator 78.4 Men
Years
2021
Germany
Years
Men
Years
2002-2021
Germany (red)
Men
Years
2022
Overweight or obese populationIndicator 60.0 Measured
% of population aged 15+
2012
Germany
% of population aged 15+
Measured
% of population aged 15+
1998-2012
Germany (red)

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Innovation and TechnologyLatestTrendRanking
Gross domestic spending on R&DIndicator 3.1 Total
% of GDP
2021
Germany
% of GDP
Total
% of GDP
2002-2021
Germany (red), OECD - Total (black)
Total
% of GDP
2021
Germany (red), OECD - Total (black)
ICT value addedIndicator 5.1 Total
% of value added
2011
Germany
% of value added
Total
% of value added
2011
Germany (red), OECD - Total (black)
Internet accessIndicator 91.7 Total
% of all households
2023
Germany
% of all households
Total
% of all households
2005-2023
Germany (red), OECD - Total (black)
Total
% of all households
2023
Germany (red), OECD - Total (black)
Mobile broadband subscriptionsIndicator 92.1 Total
Per 100 inhabitants
2022
Germany
Per 100 inhabitants
Total
Per 100 inhabitants
2010-2022
Germany (red), OECD - Total (black)
Total
Per 100 inhabitants
2022
Germany (red), OECD - Total (black)
Triadic patent familiesIndicator 4 380.8 Total
Number
2020
Germany
Number
Total
Number
2001-2020
Germany (red), OECD - Total (black)
Total
Number
2020
Germany (red), OECD - Total (black)

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JobsLatestTrendRanking
Average wagesIndicator 58 940.3 Total
US dollars
2022
Germany
US dollars
Total
US dollars
2003-2022
Germany (red), OECD - Total (black)
Total
US dollars
2022
Germany (red), OECD - Total (black)
Employment rateIndicator 77.4 Total
% of working age population
Q3-2023
Germany
% of working age population
Total
% of working age population
Q4-2018-Q3-2023
Germany (red), OECD - Total (black)
Total
% of working age population
Q3-2023
Germany (red)
Hours workedIndicator 1 341 Total
Hours/worker
2022
Germany
Hours/worker
Total
Hours/worker
2003-2022
Germany (red), OECD - Total (black)
Total
Hours/worker
2022
Germany (red), OECD - Total (black)
Long-term unemployment rateIndicator 33.0 Total
% of unemployed
2022
Germany
% of unemployed
Total
% of unemployed
2002-2022
Germany (red), OECD - Total (black)
Total
% of unemployed
2022
Germany (red), OECD - Total (black)
Self-employment rateIndicator 8.7 Total
% of employment
2022
Germany
% of employment
Total
% of employment
2002-2022
Germany (red), OECD - Total (black)
Total
% of employment
2022
Germany (red)

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SocietyLatestTrendRanking
Fertility ratesIndicator 1.58 Total
Children/woman
2021
Germany
Children/woman
Total
Children/woman
2002-2021
Germany (red), OECD - Average (black)
Total
Children/woman
2021
Germany (red), OECD - Average (black)
National population distributionIndicator 57.1 Urban regions
Percentage
2014
Germany
Percentage
Urban regions
Percentage
2014
Germany (red)
Permanent immigrant inflowsIndicator 641 076.0 Total
Number
2022
Germany
Number
Total
Number
2003-2022
Germany (red)
Total
Number
2022
Germany (red)
Poverty rateIndicator 0.12 Total
Ratio
2020
Germany
Ratio
Total
Ratio
2008-2020
Germany (red)
Total
Ratio
2021
Social spendingIndicator 26.7 Public
% of GDP
2022
Germany
% of GDP
Public
% of GDP
2003-2022
Germany (red), OECD - Total (black)
Public
% of GDP
2022
Germany (red), OECD - Total (black)

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