Selected indicators for Germany

Population

Population, Million persons, 2000-2020
Population, Annual growth rate (%), 2020

83.2 million

Growth rate: 0.1%

Income inequality

Income inequality, 0 = complete equality; 1 = complete inequality, latest available year

Education

Mathematics performance (PISA), Mean score, 2018
Reading performance (PISA), Mean score, 2018
Science performance (PISA), Mean score, 2018

CO2 emissions

Air and GHG emissions, Carbon dioxide (CO2), latest available year

7.0 tonnes per capita

GDP

Gross domestic product (GDP), US dollars/capita, 2021
Real GDP forecast, Annual growth rate (%), 2023

57 880 US$ per capita

Projected growth rate: 1.7%

Debt

Household debt, % of net disposable income, 2020
General government debt, % of GDP, 2020

Household debt:
99.3 % of disposable income

Government debt:
78.7 % of GDP

Tax

Tax on personal income, % of GDP, 2020

Tax on personal income:
10.4 % of GDP

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Country profile of Germany

AgricultureLatestTrendRanking
Agricultural landIndicator 4 751.00 Permanent pasture
Thousand hectares
2019
Germany
Thousand hectares
Permanent pasture
Thousand hectares
2000-2019
Germany (red)
Permanent pasture
Thousand hectares
2020
Agricultural supportIndicator
Crop productionIndicator
Fish landingsIndicator 85 542.4 National landings in domestic ports
Tonnes
2018
Germany
Tonnes
National landings in domestic ports
Tonnes
1999-2018
Germany (red), OECD - Total (black)
National landings in domestic ports
Tonnes
2018
Germany (red)
Nutrient balanceIndicator 53.0 Nitrogen
Kilograms/hectare
2019
Germany
Kilograms/hectare
Nitrogen
Kilograms/hectare
2000-2019
Germany (red)
Nitrogen
Kilograms/hectare
2019
Germany (red)

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DevelopmentLatestTrendRanking
Distribution of net ODAIndicator 3 541.5 Least developed countries
Million US dollars
2020
Germany
Million US dollars
Least developed countries
Million US dollars
2001-2020
Germany (red), DAC Countries (black)
Least developed countries
Million US dollars
2020
Germany (red), DAC Countries (black)
Grants by private agencies and NGOsIndicator 1 514.2 Total
Million US dollars
2020
Germany
Million US dollars
Total
Million US dollars
2001-2020
Germany (red), DAC Countries (black)
Net ODAIndicator 0.7 ODA grant equivalent
% of gross national income
2021
Germany
% of gross national income
ODA grant equivalent
% of gross national income
2018-2021
Germany (red), DAC Countries (black)
ODA grant equivalent
% of gross national income
2021
Germany (red), DAC Countries (black)
Private flowsIndicator 14 665.8 Total
Million US dollars
2020
Germany
Million US dollars
Total
Million US dollars
2001-2020
Germany (red), DAC Countries (black)
Total
Million US dollars
2020
Germany (red), DAC Countries (black)
Total official and private flowsIndicator 44 700.6 Total
Million US dollars
2020
Germany
Million US dollars
Total
Million US dollars
2001-2020
Germany (red), DAC Countries (black)
Total
Million US dollars
2020
Germany (red), DAC Countries (black)

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EconomyLatestTrendRanking
Composite leading indicator (CLI)Indicator 99.62 Amplitude adjusted
Long-term average = 100
Jun-2022
Germany
Long-term average = 100
Household disposable incomeIndicator -1.75 Gross
Per capita, percentage change, previous period
Q1-2022
Germany
Per capita, percentage change, previous period
Gross
Per capita, percentage change, previous period
Q2-2017-Q1-2022
Germany (red), OECD - Total (black)
Gross
Per capita, percentage change, previous period
Q2-2021
Germany (red), OECD - Total (black)
Labour compensation per hour workedIndicator 1.7 Total
Annual growth rate (%)
2021
Germany
Annual growth rate (%)
Total
Annual growth rate (%)
2002-2021
Germany (red)
Total
Annual growth rate (%)
2020
Germany (red)
Net national incomeIndicator 48 364 Total
US dollars/capita
2021
Germany
US dollars/capita
Total
US dollars/capita
2002-2021
Germany (red), OECD - Total (black)
Total
US dollars/capita
2020
Germany (red)
Trade in goods and servicesIndicator 47.3 Exports
% of GDP
2021
Germany
% of GDP
Exports
% of GDP
2002-2021
Germany (red)
Exports
% of GDP
2021
Germany (red)

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EducationLatestTrendRanking
Education spendingIndicator 19 324 Tertiary
US dollars/student
2018
Germany
US dollars/student
Tertiary
US dollars/student
2005-2018
Germany (red)
Tertiary
US dollars/student
2018
Germany (red)
Mathematics performance (PISA)Indicator 503 Boys
Mean score
2018
Germany
Mean score
Boys
Mean score
2003-2018
Germany (red), OECD - Average (black)
Boys
Mean score
2018
Germany (red), OECD - Average (black)
Reading performance (PISA)Indicator 486 Boys
Mean score
2018
Germany
Mean score
Boys
Mean score
2000-2018
Germany (red), OECD - Average (black)
Boys
Mean score
2018
Germany (red), OECD - Average (black)
Science performance (PISA)Indicator 502 Boys
Mean score
2018
Germany
Mean score
Boys
Mean score
2006-2018
Germany (red), OECD - Average (black)
Boys
Mean score
2018
Germany (red), OECD - Average (black)
Youth not in employment, education or training (NEET)Indicator 3.1 15-19 year-old men
% in same age group
2019
Germany
% in same age group
15-19 year-old men
% in same age group
2000-2019
Germany (red), OECD - Average (black)
15-19 year-old men
% in same age group
2020
OECD - Average (black)

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EnergyLatestTrendRanking
Crude oil productionIndicator 2 227.4 Total
Thousand toe
2017
Germany
Thousand toe
Total
Thousand toe
1998-2017
Germany (red)
Total
Thousand toe
2017
Germany (red)
Infrastructure investmentIndicator 16 050 000 000.00 Road
Euro
2020
Germany
Euro
Road
Euro
2001-2020
Germany (red)
Road
Euro
2019
Germany (red)
Passenger transportIndicator 981 219.0 Road
Million passenger-kilometres
2019
Germany
Million passenger-kilometres
Road
Million passenger-kilometres
2000-2019
Germany (red)
Road
Million passenger-kilometres
2013
Germany (red)
Primary energy supplyIndicator 0.07 Total
Toe/1 000 US dollars
2020
Germany
Toe/1 000 US dollars
Total
Toe/1 000 US dollars
2001-2020
Germany (red)
Total
Toe/1 000 US dollars
2020
Germany (red)
Road accidentsIndicator 33 Deaths
Per 1 000 000 inhabitants
2020
Germany
Per 1 000 000 inhabitants
Deaths
Per 1 000 000 inhabitants
2001-2020
Germany (red)
Deaths
Per 1 000 000 inhabitants
2020
Germany (red)

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EnvironmentLatestTrendRanking
Air and GHG emissionsIndicator 7.0 Carbon dioxide (CO2)
Tonnes/capita
2020
Germany
Tonnes/capita
Carbon dioxide (CO2)
Tonnes/capita
2001-2020
Germany (red), OECD - Total (black)
Carbon dioxide (CO2)
Tonnes/capita
2020
Germany (red), OECD - Total (black)
Municipal wasteIndicator 627.4 Total
Kilograms/capita
2020
Germany
Kilograms/capita
Total
Kilograms/capita
2001-2020
Germany (red), OECD - Total (black)
Total
Kilograms/capita
2019
Germany (red), OECD - Total (black)
Water withdrawalsIndicator 24 439.7 Total
Million m3
2016
Germany
Million m3
Total
Million m3
1996-2016
Germany (red)
Total
Million m3
2017

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FinanceLatestTrendRanking
Broad money (M3)Indicator
Long-term interest ratesIndicator 1.1 Total
% per annum
Jul-2022
Germany
% per annum
Total
% per annum
Dec-2020-Jul-2022
Germany (red)
Total
% per annum
Jun-2022
Germany (red)
Net pension replacement ratesIndicator 52.9 Men
% of pre-retirement earnings
2020
Germany
% of pre-retirement earnings
Men
% of pre-retirement earnings
2014-2020
Germany (red), OECD - Total (black)
Men
% of pre-retirement earnings
2020
Germany (red)
Net pension wealthIndicator 10.6 Men
Multiple of annual gross earnings
2020
Germany
Multiple of annual gross earnings
Men
Multiple of annual gross earnings
2014-2020
Germany (red), OECD - Total (black)
Men
Multiple of annual gross earnings
2020
Germany (red)
Short-term interest ratesIndicator 0.0 Total
% per annum
Jul-2022
Germany
% per annum
Total
% per annum
Dec-2020-Jul-2022
Germany (red), Euro area (19 countries) (black)
Total
% per annum
Jul-2022
Germany (red), Euro area (19 countries) (black)

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GovernmentLatestTrendRanking
General government spendingIndicator 50.8 Total
% of GDP
2020
Germany
% of GDP
Total
% of GDP
2001-2020
Germany (red)
Total
% of GDP
2020
Germany (red)
Government reservesIndicator 46 785.5 Total
SDR millions
Q4-2014
Germany
SDR millions
Total
SDR millions
Q1-2010-Q4-2014
Germany (red)
Total
SDR millions
Q4-2014
Germany (red)
Tax on corporate profitsIndicator 1.6 Total
% of GDP
2020
Germany
% of GDP
Total
% of GDP
2001-2020
Germany (red), OECD - Average (black)
Total
% of GDP
2020
Germany (red)
Tax revenueIndicator 38.3 Total
% of GDP
2020
Germany
% of GDP
Total
% of GDP
2001-2020
Germany (red), OECD - Average (black)
Total
% of GDP
2020
Germany (red), OECD - Average (black)
Tax wedgeIndicator 48.1 Total
% of labour cost
2021
Germany
% of labour cost
Total
% of labour cost
2002-2021
Germany (red), OECD - Average (black)
Total
% of labour cost
2021
Germany (red), OECD - Average (black)

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HealthLatestTrendRanking
Health spendingIndicator 7 383 Total
US dollars/capita
2021
Germany
US dollars/capita
Total
US dollars/capita
2002-2021
Germany (red)
Total
US dollars/capita
2020
Germany (red)
Hospital bedsIndicator 7.8 Total
Per 1 000 inhabitants
2020
Germany
Per 1 000 inhabitants
Total
Per 1 000 inhabitants
2001-2020
Germany (red), OECD - Total (black)
Total
Per 1 000 inhabitants
2020
Germany (red)
Length of hospital stayIndicator 7.40 Acute care
Days
2020
Germany
Days
Acute care
Days
2001-2020
Germany (red)
Acute care
Days
2020
Germany (red)
Life expectancy at birthIndicator 78.7 Men
Years
2020
Germany
Years
Men
Years
2001-2020
Germany (red)
Men
Years
2021
Overweight or obese populationIndicator 60.0 Measured
% of population aged 15+
2012
Germany
% of population aged 15+
Measured
% of population aged 15+
1998-2012
Germany (red)

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Innovation and TechnologyLatestTrendRanking
Gross domestic spending on R&DIndicator 3.1 Total
% of GDP
2020
Germany
% of GDP
Total
% of GDP
2001-2020
Germany (red), OECD - Total (black)
Total
% of GDP
2020
Germany (red), OECD - Total (black)
ICT value addedIndicator 5.1 Total
% of value added
2011
Germany
% of value added
Total
% of value added
2011
Germany (red), OECD - Total (black)
Internet accessIndicator 91.9 Total
% of all households
2021
Germany
% of all households
Total
% of all households
2005-2021
Germany (red), OECD - Total (black)
Total
% of all households
2021
Germany (red)
Mobile broadband subscriptionsIndicator 94.6 Total
Per 100 inhabitants
Q4-2021
Germany
Per 100 inhabitants
Total
Per 100 inhabitants
Q2-2012-Q4-2021
Germany (red), OECD - Total (black)
Total
Per 100 inhabitants
Q4-2021
Germany (red), OECD - Total (black)
Triadic patent familiesIndicator 4 620.7 Total
Number
2019
Germany
Number
Total
Number
2000-2019
Germany (red), OECD - Total (black)
Total
Number
2019
Germany (red), OECD - Total (black)

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JobsLatestTrendRanking
Average wagesIndicator 56 663.5 Total
US dollars
2021
Germany
US dollars
Total
US dollars
2002-2021
Germany (red), OECD - Total (black)
Total
US dollars
2021
Germany (red), OECD - Total (black)
Employment rateIndicator 77.1 Total
% of working age population
Q1-2022
Germany
% of working age population
Total
% of working age population
Q2-2017-Q1-2022
Germany (red), OECD - Total (black)
Total
% of working age population
Q1-2022
Germany (red), OECD - Total (black)
Hours workedIndicator 1 349 Total
Hours/worker
2021
Germany
Hours/worker
Total
Hours/worker
2002-2021
Germany (red), OECD - Total (black)
Total
Hours/worker
2021
Germany (red), OECD - Total (black)
Long-term unemployment rateIndicator 32.6 Total
% of unemployed
2021
Germany
% of unemployed
Total
% of unemployed
2002-2021
Germany (red), OECD - Total (black)
Total
% of unemployed
2021
Germany (red), OECD - Total (black)
Self-employment rateIndicator 8.8 Total
% of employment
2021
Germany
% of employment
Total
% of employment
2001-2021
Germany (red), OECD - Total (black)
Total
% of employment
2021
Germany (red)

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SocietyLatestTrendRanking
Fertility ratesIndicator 1.53 Total
Children/woman
2020
Germany
Children/woman
Total
Children/woman
2001-2020
Germany (red)
Total
Children/woman
2020
Germany (red)
National population distributionIndicator 57.1 Urban regions
Percentage
2014
Germany
Percentage
Urban regions
Percentage
2014
Germany (red)
Permanent immigrant inflowsIndicator 1 051 013.6 Total
Number
2016
Germany
Number
Total
Number
1999-2016
Germany (red)
Total
Number
2011
Germany (red)
Poverty rateIndicator 0.10 Total
Ratio
2018
Germany
Ratio
Total
Ratio
2008-2018
Germany (red)
Total
Ratio
2019
Social spendingIndicator 25.9 Public
% of GDP
2019
Germany
% of GDP
Public
% of GDP
2000-2019
Germany (red), OECD - Total (black)
Public
% of GDP
2019
Germany (red), OECD - Total (black)

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