Selected indicators for Spain

Population

Population, Million persons, 2002-2022

47.6 million

Growth rate: <%population-growth-rate%>%

Income inequality

Income inequality, 0 = complete equality; 1 = complete inequality, latest available year

Education

Mathematics performance (PISA), Mean score, 2018
Reading performance (PISA), Mean score, 2018
Science performance (PISA), Mean score, 2018

CO2 emissions

Air and GHG emissions, Carbon dioxide (CO2), latest available year

4.6 tonnes per capita

GDP

Gross domestic product (GDP), US dollars/capita, 2022
Real GDP forecast, Annual growth rate (%), 2025

48 853 US$ per capita

Projected growth rate: 2.0%

Debt

Household debt, % of net disposable income, 2022
General government debt, % of GDP, 2022

Household debt:
96.2 % of disposable income

Government debt:
116.3 % of GDP

Tax

Tax on personal income, % of GDP, 2022

Tax on personal income:
9.1 % of GDP

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Country profile of Spain

AgricultureLatestTrendRanking
Agricultural landIndicator 7 495.98 Permanent pasture
Thousand hectares
2021
Spain
Thousand hectares
Permanent pasture
Thousand hectares
2002-2021
Spain (red)
Permanent pasture
Thousand hectares
2021
Spain (red)
Agricultural supportIndicator
Crop productionIndicator
Nutrient balanceIndicator 49.3 Nitrogen
Kilograms/hectare
2017
Spain
Kilograms/hectare
Nitrogen
Kilograms/hectare
1998-2017
Spain (red)
Nitrogen
Kilograms/hectare
2019

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DevelopmentLatestTrendRanking
Distribution of net ODAIndicator 173.3 Least developed countries
Million US dollars
2022
Spain
Million US dollars
Least developed countries
Million US dollars
2003-2022
Spain (red), DAC Countries (black)
Least developed countries
Million US dollars
2022
Spain (red), DAC Countries (black)
Grants by private agencies and NGOsIndicator 1.4 Total
Million US dollars
2022
Spain
Million US dollars
Total
Million US dollars
2002-2022
Spain (red), DAC Countries (black)
Net ODAIndicator 0.3 ODA grant equivalent
% of gross national income
2022
Spain
% of gross national income
ODA grant equivalent
% of gross national income
2018-2022
Spain (red), DAC Countries (black)
ODA grant equivalent
% of gross national income
2022
Spain (red), DAC Countries (black)
Private flowsIndicator 3 880.8 Total
Million US dollars
2022
Spain
Million US dollars
Total
Million US dollars
2002-2022
Spain (red), DAC Countries (black)
Total
Million US dollars
2020
Spain (red), DAC Countries (black)
Total official and private flowsIndicator 8 318.7 Total
Million US dollars
2022
Spain
Million US dollars
Total
Million US dollars
2003-2022
Spain (red), DAC Countries (black)
Total
Million US dollars
2022
Spain (red), DAC Countries (black)

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EconomyLatestTrendRanking
Composite leading indicator (CLI)Indicator 99.39 Amplitude adjusted
Long-term average = 100
Nov-2023
Spain
Long-term average = 100
Household disposable incomeIndicator 0.37 Gross
Per capita, percentage change, previous period
Q2-2023
Spain
Per capita, percentage change, previous period
Gross
Per capita, percentage change, previous period
Q3-2018-Q2-2023
Spain (red), OECD - Total (black)
Gross
Per capita, percentage change, previous period
Q1-2022
Spain (red), OECD - Total (black)
Labour compensation per hour workedIndicator 2.7 Total
Annual growth rate (%)
2022
Spain
Annual growth rate (%)
Total
Annual growth rate (%)
2003-2022
Spain (red)
Total
Annual growth rate (%)
2022
Spain (red)
Net national incomeIndicator 40 880 Total
US dollars/capita
2022
Spain
US dollars/capita
Total
US dollars/capita
2003-2022
Spain (red), OECD - Total (black)
Total
US dollars/capita
2022
Spain (red)
Trade in goods and servicesIndicator 40.9 Exports
% of GDP
2022
Spain
% of GDP
Exports
% of GDP
2003-2022
Spain (red)
Exports
% of GDP
2022
Spain (red)

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EducationLatestTrendRanking
Mathematics performance (PISA)Indicator 485 Boys
Mean score
2018
Spain
Mean score
Boys
Mean score
2003-2018
Spain (red), OECD - Average (black)
Boys
Mean score
2018
Spain (red), OECD - Average (black)
Reading performance (PISA)Indicator 485 Boys
Mean score
2015
Spain
Mean score
Boys
Mean score
2000-2015
Spain (red), OECD - Average (black)
Boys
Mean score
2018
OECD - Average (black)
Science performance (PISA)Indicator 484 Boys
Mean score
2018
Spain
Mean score
Boys
Mean score
2006-2018
Spain (red), OECD - Average (black)
Boys
Mean score
2018
Spain (red), OECD - Average (black)
Youth not in employment, education or training (NEET)Indicator 7.5 15-19 year-old men
% in same age group
2022
Spain
% in same age group
15-19 year-old men
% in same age group
2003-2022
Spain (red), OECD - Average (black)
15-19 year-old men
% in same age group
2022
Spain (red), OECD - Average (black)

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EnergyLatestTrendRanking
Crude oil productionIndicator 5.9 Total
Thousand toe
2021
Spain
Thousand toe
Total
Thousand toe
2002-2021
Spain (red)
Total
Thousand toe
2021
Spain (red)
Infrastructure investmentIndicator 3 959 000 000.00 Road
Euro
2021
Spain
Euro
Road
Euro
2002-2021
Spain (red)
Road
Euro
2021
Spain (red)
Primary energy supplyIndicator 0.07 Total
Toe/1 000 US dollars
2022
Spain
Toe/1 000 US dollars
Total
Toe/1 000 US dollars
2003-2022
Spain (red)
Total
Toe/1 000 US dollars
2022
Spain (red)
Road accidentsIndicator 3 Deaths
Per 1 000 000 inhabitants
2021
Spain
Per 1 000 000 inhabitants
Deaths
Per 1 000 000 inhabitants
2002-2021
Spain (red)
Deaths
Per 1 000 000 inhabitants
2022

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EnvironmentLatestTrendRanking
Air and GHG emissionsIndicator 4.6 Carbon dioxide (CO2)
Tonnes/capita
2022
Spain
Tonnes/capita
Carbon dioxide (CO2)
Tonnes/capita
2003-2022
Spain (red), OECD - Total (black)
Carbon dioxide (CO2)
Tonnes/capita
2022
Spain (red), OECD - Total (black)
Municipal wasteIndicator 472.8 Total
Kilograms/capita
2021
Spain
Kilograms/capita
Total
Kilograms/capita
2002-2021
Spain (red), OECD - Total (black)
Total
Kilograms/capita
2020
Spain (red), OECD - Total (black)
Water withdrawalsIndicator 29 445.9 Total
Million m3
2020
Spain
Million m3
Total
Million m3
2001-2020
Spain (red)
Total
Million m3
2020
Spain (red)

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FinanceLatestTrendRanking
Broad money (M3)Indicator
Long-term interest ratesIndicator 3.7 Total
% per annum
Nov-2023
Spain
% per annum
Total
% per annum
Apr-2022-Nov-2023
Spain (red)
Total
% per annum
Nov-2023
Spain (red)
Net pension replacement ratesIndicator 86.5 Men
% of pre-retirement earnings
2022
Spain
% of pre-retirement earnings
Men
% of pre-retirement earnings
2014-2022
Spain (red), OECD - Total (black)
Men
% of pre-retirement earnings
2022
Spain (red)
Net pension wealthIndicator 21.6 Men
Multiple of annual gross earnings
2022
Spain
Multiple of annual gross earnings
Men
Multiple of annual gross earnings
2014-2022
Spain (red), OECD - Total (black)
Men
Multiple of annual gross earnings
2022
Spain (red)
Short-term interest ratesIndicator 4.0 Total
% per annum
Nov-2023
Spain
% per annum
Total
% per annum
Apr-2022-Nov-2023
Spain (red), Euro area (19 countries) (black)
Total
% per annum
Nov-2023
Spain (red), Euro area (19 countries) (black)

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GovernmentLatestTrendRanking
General government spendingIndicator 50.0 Total
% of GDP
2021
Spain
% of GDP
Total
% of GDP
2002-2021
Spain (red)
Total
% of GDP
2021
Spain (red)
Government reservesIndicator 27 576.4 Total
SDR millions
Q4-2014
Spain
SDR millions
Total
SDR millions
Q1-2010-Q4-2014
Spain (red)
Total
SDR millions
Q4-2014
Spain (red)
Tax on corporate profitsIndicator 2.7 Total
% of GDP
2022
Spain
% of GDP
Total
% of GDP
2003-2022
Spain (red), OECD - Average (black)
Total
% of GDP
2022
Spain (red)
Tax revenueIndicator 37.5 Total
% of GDP
2022
Spain
% of GDP
Total
% of GDP
2003-2022
Spain (red), OECD - Average (black)
Total
% of GDP
2022
Spain (red), OECD - Average (black)
Tax wedgeIndicator 39.5 Total
% of labour cost
2022
Spain
% of labour cost
Total
% of labour cost
2003-2022
Spain (red), OECD - Average (black)
Total
% of labour cost
2022
Spain (red), OECD - Average (black)

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HealthLatestTrendRanking
Health spendingIndicator 4 432 Total
US dollars/capita
2022
Spain
US dollars/capita
Total
US dollars/capita
2003-2022
Spain (red)
Total
US dollars/capita
2022
Spain (red)
Hospital bedsIndicator 3.0 Total
Per 1 000 inhabitants
2021
Spain
Per 1 000 inhabitants
Total
Per 1 000 inhabitants
2002-2021
Spain (red), OECD - Total (black)
Total
Per 1 000 inhabitants
2021
Spain (red)
Length of hospital stayIndicator 6.30 Acute care
Days
2021
Spain
Days
Acute care
Days
2002-2021
Spain (red)
Acute care
Days
2021
Spain (red)
Life expectancy at birthIndicator 80.4 Men
Years
2022
Spain
Years
Men
Years
2003-2022
Spain (red)
Men
Years
2022
Spain (red)
Overweight or obese populationIndicator

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Innovation and TechnologyLatestTrendRanking
Gross domestic spending on R&DIndicator 1.4 Total
% of GDP
2021
Spain
% of GDP
Total
% of GDP
2002-2021
Spain (red), OECD - Total (black)
Total
% of GDP
2021
Spain (red), OECD - Total (black)
ICT value addedIndicator 4.6 Total
% of value added
2011
Spain
% of value added
Total
% of value added
2011
Spain (red), OECD - Total (black)
Internet accessIndicator 96.4 Total
% of all households
2023
Spain
% of all households
Total
% of all households
2005-2023
Spain (red), OECD - Total (black)
Total
% of all households
2023
Spain (red), OECD - Total (black)
Mobile broadband subscriptionsIndicator 110.0 Total
Per 100 inhabitants
2022
Spain
Per 100 inhabitants
Total
Per 100 inhabitants
2010-2022
Spain (red), OECD - Total (black)
Total
Per 100 inhabitants
2022
Spain (red), OECD - Total (black)
Triadic patent familiesIndicator 321.9 Total
Number
2020
Spain
Number
Total
Number
2001-2020
Spain (red), OECD - Total (black)
Total
Number
2020
Spain (red), OECD - Total (black)

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JobsLatestTrendRanking
Average wagesIndicator 42 859.3 Total
US dollars
2022
Spain
US dollars
Total
US dollars
2003-2022
Spain (red), OECD - Total (black)
Total
US dollars
2022
Spain (red), OECD - Total (black)
Employment rateIndicator 65.7 Total
% of working age population
Q3-2023
Spain
% of working age population
Total
% of working age population
Q4-2018-Q3-2023
Spain (red), OECD - Total (black)
Total
% of working age population
Q3-2023
Spain (red)
Hours workedIndicator 1 644 Total
Hours/worker
2022
Spain
Hours/worker
Total
Hours/worker
2003-2022
Spain (red), OECD - Total (black)
Total
Hours/worker
2022
Spain (red), OECD - Total (black)
Long-term unemployment rateIndicator 39.0 Total
% of unemployed
2022
Spain
% of unemployed
Total
% of unemployed
2003-2022
Spain (red), OECD - Total (black)
Total
% of unemployed
2022
Spain (red), OECD - Total (black)
Self-employment rateIndicator 15.3 Total
% of employment
2022
Spain
% of employment
Total
% of employment
2003-2022
Spain (red), OECD - Total (black)
Total
% of employment
2022
Spain (red)

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SocietyLatestTrendRanking
Fertility ratesIndicator 1.19 Total
Children/woman
2021
Spain
Children/woman
Total
Children/woman
2002-2021
Spain (red), OECD - Average (black)
Total
Children/woman
2021
Spain (red), OECD - Average (black)
National population distributionIndicator 48.7 Urban regions
Percentage
2014
Spain
Percentage
Urban regions
Percentage
2014
Spain (red)
Permanent immigrant inflowsIndicator 471 776.0 Total
Number
2022
Spain
Number
Total
Number
2006-2022
Spain (red)
Total
Number
2022
Spain (red)
Poverty rateIndicator 0.14 Total
Ratio
2021
Spain
Ratio
Total
Ratio
2007-2021
Spain (red)
Total
Ratio
2021
Spain (red)
Social spendingIndicator 28.1 Public
% of GDP
2022
Spain
% of GDP
Public
% of GDP
2003-2022
Spain (red), OECD - Total (black)
Public
% of GDP
2022
Spain (red), OECD - Total (black)

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