Selected indicators for Türkiye


Population, Million persons, 2002-2022

85.0 million

Growth rate: <%population-growth-rate%>%

Income inequality

Income inequality, 0 = complete equality; 1 = complete inequality, latest available year


Mathematics performance (PISA), Mean score, 2018
Reading performance (PISA), Mean score, 2018
Science performance (PISA), Mean score, 2018

CO2 emissions

Air and GHG emissions, Carbon dioxide (CO2), latest available year

4.4 tonnes per capita


Gross domestic product (GDP), US dollars/capita, 2022
Real GDP forecast, Annual growth rate (%), 2025

38 206 US$ per capita

Projected growth rate: 3.2%


General government debt, % of GDP, 2021

Government debt:
43.6 % of GDP


Tax on personal income, % of GDP, 2022

Tax on personal income:
2.4 % of GDP