Selected indicators for Turkey

Population

Population, Million persons, 1994-2014
Population, Annual growth rate (%), 2014

76.9 million

Growth rate: 1.1%

Income inequality

Income inequality, 0 = complete equality; 1 = complete inequality, latest available year

Education

Mathematics performance (PISA), Mean score, 2015
Reading performance (PISA), Mean score, 2015
Science performance (PISA), Mean score, 2015

CO2 emissions

Air and GHG emissions, Carbon dioxide (CO2), latest available year

4.3 tonnes per capita

GDP

Gross domestic product (GDP), US dollars/capita, 2018
Real GDP forecast, Annual growth rate (%), 2020

28 384 US$ per capita

Projected growth rate: 1.6%

Debt

General government debt, % of GDP, 2017

Government debt:
35.1 % of GDP

Tax

Tax on personal income, % of GDP, 2017

Tax on personal income:
3.6 % of GDP

Unemployment

Unemployment rate, % of labour force, 1998-2018

10.9 % of labour force

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Country profile of Turkey

AgricultureLatestTrendRanking
Agricultural landIndicator 14 617 Permanent pasture
Hectares
2016
Turkey
Hectares
Permanent pasture
Hectares
1997-2016
Turkey (red)
Permanent pasture
Hectares
2017
Agricultural supportIndicator 14.8 Producer support (PSE)
% of gross farm receipts
2018
Turkey
% of gross farm receipts
Producer support (PSE)
% of gross farm receipts
1999-2018
Turkey (red), OECD - Total (black)
Crop productionIndicator 3.17 Wheat
Tonnes/hectare
2028
Turkey
Tonnes/hectare
Wheat
Tonnes/hectare
2009-2028
Turkey (red), OECD - Total (black)
Fish landingsIndicator 322 172.5 National landings in domestic ports
Tonnes
2017
Turkey
Tonnes
National landings in domestic ports
Tonnes
1998-2017
Turkey (red), OECD - Total (black)
National landings in domestic ports
Tonnes
2017
Turkey (red), OECD - Total (black)
Nutrient balanceIndicator 23.3 Nitrogen
Kilograms/hectare
2016
Turkey
Kilograms/hectare
Nitrogen
Kilograms/hectare
1997-2016
Turkey (red)
Nitrogen
Kilograms/hectare
2015
Turkey (red)

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DevelopmentLatestTrendRanking
Distribution of net ODAIndicator 177.9 Least developed countries
Million US dollars
2017
Turkey
Million US dollars
Least developed countries
Million US dollars
1998-2017
Turkey (red), DAC Countries (black)
Least developed countries
Million US dollars
2017
Turkey (red), DAC Countries (black)
Grants by private agencies and NGOsIndicator 707.6 Total
Million US dollars
2017
Turkey
Million US dollars
Total
Million US dollars
2005-2017
Turkey (red), DAC Countries (black)
Net ODAIndicator 1.0 Total
% of gross national income
2017
Turkey
% of gross national income
Total
% of gross national income
1998-2017
Turkey (red), DAC Countries (black)
Total
% of gross national income
2017
Turkey (red), DAC Countries (black)
Private flowsIndicator 402.1 Total
Million US dollars
2017
Turkey
Million US dollars
Total
Million US dollars
2006-2017
Turkey (red), DAC Countries (black)
Total
Million US dollars
2017
Turkey (red), DAC Countries (black)
Total official and private flowsIndicator 9 327.4 Total
Million US dollars
2017
Turkey
Million US dollars
Total
Million US dollars
1998-2017
Turkey (red), DAC Countries (black)
Total
Million US dollars
2017
Turkey (red), DAC Countries (black)

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EconomyLatestTrendRanking
Composite leading indicator (CLI)Indicator 99.08 Amplitude adjusted
Long-term average = 100
Jul-2019
Turkey
Long-term average = 100
Household disposable incomeIndicator
Labour compensation per hour workedIndicator
Net national incomeIndicator 22 054 Total
US dollars/capita
2016
Turkey
US dollars/capita
Total
US dollars/capita
2009-2016
Turkey (red), OECD - Total (black)
Total
US dollars/capita
2017
Trade in goods and servicesIndicator 29.5 Exports
% of GDP
2018
Turkey
% of GDP
Exports
% of GDP
1999-2018
Turkey (red)
Exports
% of GDP
2018
Turkey (red)

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EducationLatestTrendRanking
Education spendingIndicator 8 901 Tertiary
US dollars/student
2015
Turkey
US dollars/student
Tertiary
US dollars/student
2011-2015
Turkey (red)
Tertiary
US dollars/student
2016
Turkey (red)
Mathematics performance (PISA)Indicator 423 Boys
Mean score
2015
Turkey
Mean score
Boys
Mean score
2003-2015
Turkey (red), OECD - Total (black)
Boys
Mean score
2015
Turkey (red)
Reading performance (PISA)Indicator 414 Boys
Mean score
2015
Turkey
Mean score
Boys
Mean score
2003-2015
Turkey (red), OECD - Total (black)
Boys
Mean score
2015
Turkey (red)
Science performance (PISA)Indicator 422 Boys
Mean score
2015
Turkey
Mean score
Boys
Mean score
2006-2015
Turkey (red), OECD - Total (black)
Boys
Mean score
2015
Turkey (red)
Youth not in employment, education or training (NEET)Indicator 10.2 15-19 year-old men
% in same age group
2018
Turkey
% in same age group
15-19 year-old men
% in same age group
1998-2018
Turkey (red), OECD - Average (black)
15-19 year-old men
% in same age group
2018
Turkey (red), OECD - Average (black)

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EnergyLatestTrendRanking
Crude oil productionIndicator 2 699.5 Total
Thousand toe
2017
Turkey
Thousand toe
Total
Thousand toe
1998-2017
Turkey (red)
Total
Thousand toe
2017
Turkey (red)
Infrastructure investmentIndicator 6 138 690 736.00 Road
Euro
2017
Turkey
Euro
Road
Euro
1998-2017
Turkey (red)
Road
Euro
2017
Turkey (red)
Passenger transportIndicator 314 734.0 Road
Million passenger-kilometres
2017
Turkey
Million passenger-kilometres
Road
Million passenger-kilometres
1998-2017
Turkey (red)
Road
Million passenger-kilometres
2016
Turkey (red)
Primary energy supplyIndicator 0.08 Total
Toe/1 000 US dollars
2017
Turkey
Toe/1 000 US dollars
Total
Toe/1 000 US dollars
1998-2017
Turkey (red)
Total
Toe/1 000 US dollars
2017
Turkey (red)
Road accidentsIndicator 92 Deaths
Per 1 000 000 inhabitants
2017
Turkey
Per 1 000 000 inhabitants
Deaths
Per 1 000 000 inhabitants
1998-2017
Turkey (red)
Deaths
Per 1 000 000 inhabitants
2017
Turkey (red)

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EnvironmentLatestTrendRanking
Air and GHG emissionsIndicator 4.3 Carbon dioxide (CO2)
Tonnes/capita
2016
Turkey
Tonnes/capita
Carbon dioxide (CO2)
Tonnes/capita
1997-2016
Turkey (red)
Carbon dioxide (CO2)
Tonnes/capita
2016
Turkey (red)
Municipal wasteIndicator 423.2 Total
Kilograms/capita
2017
Turkey
Kilograms/capita
Total
Kilograms/capita
1998-2017
Turkey (red), OECD - Total (black)
Total
Kilograms/capita
2017
Turkey (red), OECD - Total (black)
Water withdrawalsIndicator 59 613.0 Total
Million m3
2016
Turkey
Million m3
Total
Million m3
1996-2016
Turkey (red)
Total
Million m3
2015
Turkey (red)

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FinanceLatestTrendRanking
Broad money (M3)Indicator 168.32 Total
2015=100
Dec-2018
Turkey
2015=100
Total
2015=100
May-2017-Dec-2018
Turkey (red), OECD - Total (black)
Total
2015=100
Dec-2018
Turkey (red), OECD - Total (black)
Long-term interest ratesIndicator
Net pension replacement ratesIndicator 102.1 Men
% of pre-retirement earnings
2016
Turkey
% of pre-retirement earnings
Men
% of pre-retirement earnings
2014-2016
Turkey (red), OECD - Total (black)
Men
% of pre-retirement earnings
2016
Turkey (red)
Net pension wealthIndicator 19.7 Men
Multiple of annual gross earnings
2016
Turkey
Multiple of annual gross earnings
Men
Multiple of annual gross earnings
2014-2016
Turkey (red), OECD - Total (black)
Men
Multiple of annual gross earnings
2016
Turkey (red)
Short-term interest ratesIndicator

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GovernmentLatestTrendRanking
General government spendingIndicator
Government reservesIndicator 74 384.5 Total
SDR millions
Q4-2014
Turkey
SDR millions
Total
SDR millions
Q1-2010-Q4-2014
Turkey (red)
Total
SDR millions
Q4-2014
Turkey (red)
Tax on corporate profitsIndicator 1.7 Total
% of GDP
2017
Turkey
% of GDP
Total
% of GDP
1998-2017
Turkey (red), OECD - Average (black)
Total
% of GDP
2017
Turkey (red)
Tax revenueIndicator 24.9 Total
% of GDP
2017
Turkey
% of GDP
Total
% of GDP
1998-2017
Turkey (red), OECD - Average (black)
Total
% of GDP
2017
Turkey (red), OECD - Average (black)
Tax wedgeIndicator 38.9 Total
% of labour cost
2018
Turkey
% of labour cost
Total
% of labour cost
2000-2018
Turkey (red), OECD - Average (black)
Total
% of labour cost
2018
Turkey (red), OECD - Average (black)

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HealthLatestTrendRanking
Health spendingIndicator 1 227 Total
US dollars/capita
2018
Turkey
US dollars/capita
Total
US dollars/capita
1999-2018
Turkey (red)
Total
US dollars/capita
2018
Turkey (red)
Hospital bedsIndicator 2.8 Total
Per 1 000 inhabitants
2017
Turkey
Per 1 000 inhabitants
Total
Per 1 000 inhabitants
2002-2017
Turkey (red)
Total
Per 1 000 inhabitants
2017
Turkey (red)
Length of hospital stayIndicator 4.10 Acute care
Days
2017
Turkey
Days
Acute care
Days
1998-2017
Turkey (red)
Acute care
Days
2017
Turkey (red)
Life expectancy at birthIndicator 75.3 Men
Years
2017
Turkey
Years
Men
Years
1998-2017
Turkey (red)
Men
Years
2017
Turkey (red)
Overweight or obese populationIndicator 64.4 Measured
% of population aged 15+
2017
Turkey
% of population aged 15+
Measured
% of population aged 15+
2011-2017
Turkey (red)

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Innovation and TechnologyLatestTrendRanking
Gross domestic spending on R&DIndicator 1.0 Total
% of GDP
2017
Turkey
% of GDP
Total
% of GDP
1998-2017
Turkey (red), OECD - Total (black)
Total
% of GDP
2017
Turkey (red), OECD - Total (black)
ICT value addedIndicator
Internet accessIndicator 83.8 Total
% of all households
2018
Turkey
% of all households
Total
% of all households
2005-2018
Turkey (red), OECD - Total (black)
Total
% of all households
2018
Turkey (red)
Mobile broadband subscriptionsIndicator 75.0 Total
Per 100 inhabitants
Q4-2018
Turkey
Per 100 inhabitants
Total
Per 100 inhabitants
Q2-2010-Q4-2018
Turkey (red), OECD - Total (black)
Total
Per 100 inhabitants
Q4-2018
Turkey (red), OECD - Total (black)
Triadic patent familiesIndicator 37.7 Total
Number
2016
Turkey
Number
Total
Number
1997-2016
Turkey (red), OECD - Total (black)
Total
Number
2016
Turkey (red), OECD - Total (black)

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JobsLatestTrendRanking
Average wagesIndicator
Employment rateIndicator 50.8 Total
% of working age population
Q1-2019
Turkey
% of working age population
Total
% of working age population
Q2-2014-Q1-2019
Turkey (red), OECD - Total (black)
Total
% of working age population
Q1-2019
Turkey (red), OECD - Total (black)
Hours workedIndicator 1 832 Total
Hours/worker
2015
Turkey
Hours/worker
Total
Hours/worker
1996-2015
Turkey (red), OECD - Total (black)
Total
Hours/worker
2018
OECD - Total (black)
Long-term unemployment rateIndicator 22.4 Total
% of unemployed
2018
Turkey
% of unemployed
Total
% of unemployed
1999-2018
Turkey (red), OECD - Total (black)
Total
% of unemployed
2018
Turkey (red), OECD - Total (black)
Self-employment rateIndicator 32.0 Total
% of employment
2018
Turkey
% of employment
Total
% of employment
2000-2018
Turkey (red), OECD - Total (black)
Total
% of employment
2018
Turkey (red)

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SocietyLatestTrendRanking
Fertility ratesIndicator 2.07 Total
Children/woman
2017
Turkey
Children/woman
Total
Children/woman
1998-2017
Turkey (red)
Total
Children/woman
2017
Turkey (red)
National population distributionIndicator 51.7 Urban regions
Percentage
2014
Turkey
Percentage
Urban regions
Percentage
2014
Turkey (red), OECD - Total (black)
Permanent immigrant inflowsIndicator
Poverty rateIndicator 0.17 Total
Ratio
2015
Turkey
Ratio
Total
Ratio
2011-2015
Turkey (red)
Total
Ratio
2016
Social spendingIndicator 12.5 Public
% of GDP
2016
Turkey
% of GDP
Public
% of GDP
1997-2016
Turkey (red), OECD - Total (black)
Public
% of GDP
2018
OECD - Total (black)

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Publications related to Turkey

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