Selected indicators for Turkey

Population

Population, Million persons, 1998-2018
Population, Annual growth rate (%), 2018

81.4 million

Growth rate: 1.4%

Income inequality

Income inequality, 0 = complete equality; 1 = complete inequality, latest available year

Education

Mathematics performance (PISA), Mean score, 2018
Reading performance (PISA), Mean score, 2018
Science performance (PISA), Mean score, 2018

CO2 emissions

Air and GHG emissions, Carbon dioxide (CO2), latest available year

4.6 tonnes per capita

GDP

Gross domestic product (GDP), US dollars/capita, 2019

28 270 US$ per capita

Debt

General government debt, % of GDP, 2018

Government debt:
32.7 % of GDP

Tax

Tax on personal income, % of GDP, 2018

Tax on personal income:
3.8 % of GDP

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Country profile of Turkey

AgricultureLatestTrendRanking
Agricultural landIndicator 14 617 Permanent pasture
Hectares
2018
Turkey
Hectares
Permanent pasture
Hectares
1999-2018
Turkey (red)
Permanent pasture
Hectares
2018
Turkey (red)
Agricultural supportIndicator 14.8 Producer support (PSE)
% of gross farm receipts
2018
Turkey
% of gross farm receipts
Producer support (PSE)
% of gross farm receipts
1999-2018
Turkey (red), OECD - Total (black)
Crop productionIndicator 3.17 Wheat
Tonnes/hectare
2028
Turkey
Tonnes/hectare
Wheat
Tonnes/hectare
2009-2028
Turkey (red), OECD - Total (black)
Fish landingsIndicator 283 954.8 National landings in domestic ports
Tonnes
2018
Turkey
Tonnes
National landings in domestic ports
Tonnes
1999-2018
Turkey (red), OECD - Total (black)
National landings in domestic ports
Tonnes
2018
Turkey (red)
Nutrient balanceIndicator 27.7 Nitrogen
Kilograms/hectare
2018
Turkey
Kilograms/hectare
Nitrogen
Kilograms/hectare
1999-2018
Turkey (red)
Nitrogen
Kilograms/hectare
2017
Turkey (red)

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DevelopmentLatestTrendRanking
Distribution of net ODAIndicator 137.2 Least developed countries
Million US dollars
2018
Turkey
Million US dollars
Least developed countries
Million US dollars
1999-2018
Turkey (red), DAC Countries (black)
Least developed countries
Million US dollars
2018
Turkey (red), DAC Countries (black)
Grants by private agencies and NGOsIndicator 826.4 Total
Million US dollars
2018
Turkey
Million US dollars
Total
Million US dollars
2005-2018
Turkey (red), DAC Countries (black)
Net ODAIndicator 1.2 ODA grant equivalent
% of gross national income
2019
Turkey
% of gross national income
ODA grant equivalent
% of gross national income
2018-2019
Turkey (red), DAC Countries (black)
ODA grant equivalent
% of gross national income
2019
Turkey (red), DAC Countries (black)
Private flowsIndicator 303.3 Total
Million US dollars
2018
Turkey
Million US dollars
Total
Million US dollars
2006-2018
Turkey (red), DAC Countries (black)
Total
Million US dollars
2017
Turkey (red), DAC Countries (black)
Total official and private flowsIndicator 8 187.7 Total
Million US dollars
2017
Turkey
Million US dollars
Total
Million US dollars
1998-2017
Turkey (red), DAC Countries (black)
Total
Million US dollars
2018
DAC Countries (black)

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EconomyLatestTrendRanking
Composite leading indicator (CLI)Indicator 95.00 Amplitude adjusted
Long-term average = 100
May-2020
Turkey
Long-term average = 100
Household disposable incomeIndicator
Labour compensation per hour workedIndicator
Net national incomeIndicator 23 504 Total
US dollars/capita
2017
Turkey
US dollars/capita
Total
US dollars/capita
2009-2017
Turkey (red), OECD - Total (black)
Total
US dollars/capita
2018
Trade in goods and servicesIndicator 29.5 Exports
% of GDP
2018
Turkey
% of GDP
Exports
% of GDP
1999-2018
Turkey (red)
Exports
% of GDP
2019

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EducationLatestTrendRanking
Education spendingIndicator 8 901 Tertiary
US dollars/student
2015
Turkey
US dollars/student
Tertiary
US dollars/student
2011-2015
Turkey (red)
Tertiary
US dollars/student
2016
Turkey (red)
Mathematics performance (PISA)Indicator 456 Boys
Mean score
2018
Turkey
Mean score
Boys
Mean score
2003-2018
Turkey (red), OECD - Total (black)
Boys
Mean score
2018
Turkey (red)
Reading performance (PISA)Indicator 453 Boys
Mean score
2018
Turkey
Mean score
Boys
Mean score
2003-2018
Turkey (red), OECD - Total (black)
Boys
Mean score
2018
Turkey (red)
Science performance (PISA)Indicator 465 Boys
Mean score
2018
Turkey
Mean score
Boys
Mean score
2006-2018
Turkey (red), OECD - Total (black)
Boys
Mean score
2018
Turkey (red)
Youth not in employment, education or training (NEET)Indicator 10.2 15-19 year-old men
% in same age group
2018
Turkey
% in same age group
15-19 year-old men
% in same age group
1998-2018
Turkey (red), OECD - Average (black)
15-19 year-old men
% in same age group
2018
Turkey (red), OECD - Average (black)

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EnergyLatestTrendRanking
Crude oil productionIndicator 2 699.5 Total
Thousand toe
2017
Turkey
Thousand toe
Total
Thousand toe
1998-2017
Turkey (red)
Total
Thousand toe
2017
Turkey (red)
Infrastructure investmentIndicator 6 138 690 736.16 Road
Euro
2017
Turkey
Euro
Road
Euro
1998-2017
Turkey (red)
Road
Euro
2018
Passenger transportIndicator 329 363.0 Road
Million passenger-kilometres
2018
Turkey
Million passenger-kilometres
Road
Million passenger-kilometres
1999-2018
Turkey (red)
Road
Million passenger-kilometres
2016
Turkey (red)
Primary energy supplyIndicator 0.07 Total
Toe/1 000 US dollars
2018
Turkey
Toe/1 000 US dollars
Total
Toe/1 000 US dollars
1999-2018
Turkey (red)
Total
Toe/1 000 US dollars
2018
Turkey (red)
Road accidentsIndicator 92 Deaths
Per 1 000 000 inhabitants
2017
Turkey
Per 1 000 000 inhabitants
Deaths
Per 1 000 000 inhabitants
1998-2017
Turkey (red)
Deaths
Per 1 000 000 inhabitants
2017
Turkey (red)

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EnvironmentLatestTrendRanking
Air and GHG emissionsIndicator 4.6 Carbon dioxide (CO2)
Tonnes/capita
2018
Turkey
Tonnes/capita
Carbon dioxide (CO2)
Tonnes/capita
1999-2018
Turkey (red)
Carbon dioxide (CO2)
Tonnes/capita
2018
Turkey (red)
Municipal wasteIndicator 413.9 Total
Kilograms/capita
2018
Turkey
Kilograms/capita
Total
Kilograms/capita
1999-2018
Turkey (red), OECD - Total (black)
Total
Kilograms/capita
2018
Turkey (red), OECD - Total (black)
Water withdrawalsIndicator 61 093.6 Total
Million m3
2018
Turkey
Million m3
Total
Million m3
1998-2018
Turkey (red)
Total
Million m3
2016
Turkey (red)

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FinanceLatestTrendRanking
Broad money (M3)Indicator 168.32 Total
2015=100
Dec-2018
Turkey
2015=100
Total
2015=100
May-2017-Dec-2018
Turkey (red), OECD - Total (black)
Total
2015=100
Dec-2018
Turkey (red), OECD - Total (black)
Long-term interest ratesIndicator
Net pension replacement ratesIndicator 93.8 Men
% of pre-retirement earnings
2018
Turkey
% of pre-retirement earnings
Men
% of pre-retirement earnings
2014-2018
Turkey (red), OECD - Total (black)
Men
% of pre-retirement earnings
2018
Turkey (red)
Net pension wealthIndicator 18.1 Men
Multiple of annual gross earnings
2018
Turkey
Multiple of annual gross earnings
Men
Multiple of annual gross earnings
2014-2018
Turkey (red), OECD - Total (black)
Men
Multiple of annual gross earnings
2018
Turkey (red)
Short-term interest ratesIndicator

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GovernmentLatestTrendRanking
General government spendingIndicator
Government reservesIndicator 74 384.5 Total
SDR millions
Q4-2014
Turkey
SDR millions
Total
SDR millions
Q1-2010-Q4-2014
Turkey (red)
Total
SDR millions
Q4-2014
Turkey (red)
Tax on corporate profitsIndicator 2.1 Total
% of GDP
2018
Turkey
% of GDP
Total
% of GDP
1999-2018
Turkey (red), OECD - Average (black)
Total
% of GDP
2018
Turkey (red), OECD - Average (black)
Tax revenueIndicator 24.4 Total
% of GDP
2018
Turkey
% of GDP
Total
% of GDP
1999-2018
Turkey (red), OECD - Average (black)
Total
% of GDP
2018
Turkey (red), OECD - Average (black)
Tax wedgeIndicator 39.1 Total
% of labour cost
2019
Turkey
% of labour cost
Total
% of labour cost
2000-2019
Turkey (red), OECD - Average (black)
Total
% of labour cost
2019
Turkey (red), OECD - Average (black)

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HealthLatestTrendRanking
Health spendingIndicator 1 340 Total
US dollars/capita
2019
Turkey
US dollars/capita
Total
US dollars/capita
2000-2019
Turkey (red)
Total
US dollars/capita
2019
Turkey (red)
Hospital bedsIndicator 2.8 Total
Per 1 000 inhabitants
2018
Turkey
Per 1 000 inhabitants
Total
Per 1 000 inhabitants
1998-2018
Turkey (red)
Total
Per 1 000 inhabitants
2018
Turkey (red)
Length of hospital stayIndicator 4.10 Acute care
Days
2018
Turkey
Days
Acute care
Days
1999-2018
Turkey (red)
Acute care
Days
2018
Turkey (red)
Life expectancy at birthIndicator 75.6 Men
Years
2018
Turkey
Years
Men
Years
1999-2018
Turkey (red)
Men
Years
2018
Turkey (red)
Overweight or obese populationIndicator 64.4 Measured
% of population aged 15+
2017
Turkey
% of population aged 15+
Measured
% of population aged 15+
2011-2017
Turkey (red)

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Innovation and TechnologyLatestTrendRanking
Gross domestic spending on R&DIndicator 1.0 Total
% of GDP
2017
Turkey
% of GDP
Total
% of GDP
1998-2017
Turkey (red), OECD - Total (black)
Total
% of GDP
2018
OECD - Total (black)
ICT value addedIndicator
Internet accessIndicator 88.3 Total
% of all households
2019
Turkey
% of all households
Total
% of all households
2005-2019
Turkey (red), OECD - Total (black)
Total
% of all households
2019
Turkey (red)
Mobile broadband subscriptionsIndicator 75.5 Total
Per 100 inhabitants
Q2-2019
Turkey
Per 100 inhabitants
Total
Per 100 inhabitants
Q4-2009-Q2-2019
Turkey (red), OECD - Total (black)
Total
Per 100 inhabitants
Q2-2019
Turkey (red), OECD - Total (black)
Triadic patent familiesIndicator 53.9 Total
Number
2017
Turkey
Number
Total
Number
1998-2017
Turkey (red), OECD - Total (black)
Total
Number
2017
Turkey (red), OECD - Total (black)

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JobsLatestTrendRanking
Average wagesIndicator
Employment rateIndicator 50.4 Total
% of working age population
Q4-2019
Turkey
% of working age population
Total
% of working age population
Q1-2015-Q4-2019
Turkey (red), OECD - Total (black)
Total
% of working age population
Q1-2020
Hours workedIndicator 1 832 Total
Hours/worker
2013
Turkey
Hours/worker
Total
Hours/worker
1994-2013
Turkey (red), OECD - Total (black)
Total
Hours/worker
2019
OECD - Total (black)
Long-term unemployment rateIndicator 23.5 Total
% of unemployed
2019
Turkey
% of unemployed
Total
% of unemployed
2000-2019
Turkey (red), OECD - Total (black)
Total
% of unemployed
2019
Turkey (red), OECD - Total (black)
Self-employment rateIndicator 31.5 Total
% of employment
2019
Turkey
% of employment
Total
% of employment
2000-2019
Turkey (red), OECD - Total (black)
Total
% of employment
2019
Turkey (red)

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SocietyLatestTrendRanking
Fertility ratesIndicator 2.00 Total
Children/woman
2018
Turkey
Children/woman
Total
Children/woman
1999-2018
Turkey (red)
Total
Children/woman
2018
Turkey (red)
National population distributionIndicator 51.7 Urban regions
Percentage
2014
Turkey
Percentage
Urban regions
Percentage
2014
Turkey (red), OECD - Total (black)
Permanent immigrant inflowsIndicator
Poverty rateIndicator 0.17 Total
Ratio
2015
Turkey
Ratio
Total
Ratio
2011-2015
Turkey (red)
Total
Ratio
2017
Social spendingIndicator 12.5 Public
% of GDP
2016
Turkey
% of GDP
Public
% of GDP
1997-2016
Turkey (red), OECD - Total (black)
Public
% of GDP
2018
OECD - Total (black)

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Publications related to Turkey

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